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Accumulating evidence has shown that dysfunctional mitochondria can be selectively removed by mitophagy. Dysregulation of mitophagy is implicated in the development of neurodegenerative disease and metabolic disorders. How individual mitochondria are recognized for removal and how this process is regulated remain poorly understood. Here we report that(More)
Exosomes play important roles in many physiological and pathological processes. However, the exosome-cell interaction mode and the intracellular trafficking pathway of exosomes in their recipient cells remain unclear. Here, we report that exosomes derived from K562 or MT4 cells are internalized more efficiently by phagocytes than by non-phagocytic cells.(More)
Mitochondria need to be fragmented prior to engulfment by phagophores, the precursors to autophagosomes. However, how these 2 processes are finely regulated and integrated is poorly understood. We have shown that the outer mitochondrial membrane protein FUNDC1 is a novel mitochondrial-associated membrane (MAM) protein, enriched at the MAM by interacting(More)
The molecular mechanism underlying the selective vulnerability of certain neuronal populations associated with neurodegenerative diseases remains poorly understood. Basal autophagy is important for maintaining axonal homeostasis and preventing neurodegeneration. In this paper, we demonstrate that mice deficient in the metazoan-specific autophagy gene(More)
In hypoxic cells, dysfunctional mitochondria are selectively removed by a specialized autophagic process called mitophagy. The ER-mitochondrial contact site (MAM) is essential for fission of mitochondria prior to engulfment, and the outer mitochondrial membrane protein FUNDC1 interacts with LC3 to recruit autophagosomes, but the mechanisms integrating these(More)
Autophagy eliminates dysfunctional mitochondria in an intricate process known as mitophagy. ULK1 is critical for the induction of autophagy, but its substrate(s) and mechanism of action in mitophagy remain unclear. Here, we show that ULK1 is upregulated and translocates to fragmented mitochondria upon mitophagy induction by either hypoxia or mitochondrial(More)
Mitochondrial fusion is a highly coordinated process that mixes and unifies the mitochondrial compartment for normal mitochondrial functions and mitochondrial DNA inheritance. Dysregulated mitochondrial fusion causes mitochondrial fragmentation, abnormal mitochondrial physiology and inheritance, and has been causally linked with a number of neuronal(More)
Transcription factor AP-2 regulates transcription of a number of genes involving mammalian development, differentiation and carcinogenesis. Recent studies have shown that interaction partners can modulate the transcriptional activity of AP-2 over the downstream targets. In this study, we reported the identification of GAS41 as an interaction partner of(More)
Mitochondrial autophagy or mitophagy is a cellular metabolic pathway that mediates the selective elimination of dysfunctional or unwanted mitochondria. Considerable advancements have been made to elucidate the molecular mechanism behind mitophagy, particularly Parkin-mediated mitophagy. Several mitophagy receptors have been discovered in different(More)
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta42) is the core protein of amyloid plaque in Alzheimer disease. The intracellular accumulation of Abeta42 in the endosomal/lysosomal system has been under investigation for many years, but the direct link between Abeta42 accumulation and dysfunction of the endosomal/lysosomal system is still largely unknown. Here, we found that(More)