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Spectral components of heart rate variability (HRV) are determined in the time-frequency domain using a wavelet transform. Based on the finer estimation of low-frequency content enabled by the logarithmic resolution of the wavelet transform, corrections of spectral intervals, already defined by Fourier and model based methods, are proposed. The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) was used to determine the influence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and of successful reperfusion treatment on basal skin blood flow and its oscillatory components. METHODS Skin LDF was performed on all extremities in 58 patients 4-9 days after AMI (Killip class I), and in 71 healthy age- and sex-matched(More)
OBJECTIVES MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding single-stranded RNA molecules that regulate gene expression in physiological functions, development and disease. In recent studies, three miRNAs have been described as muscle or cardiac specific: miR-1, miR-133, and miR-208, being involved in heart development and disease; but there are limited data on their role(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key enzyme in prostanoid synthesis. It exists in two isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2. COX-1 is referred to as a 'constitutive isoform', and is considered to be expressed in most tissues under basal conditions. In contrast, COX-2 is referred to as an 'inducible isoform', which is believed to be undetectable in most normal tissues, but can(More)
MicroRNAs are non-coding RNAs, functionioning as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Some microRNAs have been demonstrated to play a role in regulation of innate immunity. After myocardial infarction (MI), innate immunity is activated leading to an acute inflammatory reaction. There is evidence that an intense inflammatory reaction might(More)
There is mounting evidence that apoptosis is important in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction (MI). One of the key events in the process of apoptosis is activation of caspase-3. Much attention has been recently paid to caspase inhibition as a potential treatment for ischemic cardiac disease. To predict the long-term effect of such treatment, it is(More)
A significant proportion of patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF) can only be defibrillated after a period of chest compressions and ventilation before the defibrillation attempt. In these patients, unsuccessful defibrillations increase the duration of heart arrest and reduce the possibility of a successful resuscitation, which could be avoided if a(More)
INTRODUCTION Altered mental status, autonomic dysfunction, and neuromuscular abnormalities are a characteristic triad of serotonin syndrome. No laboratory tests confirm the diagnosis of serotonin syndrome. CASE REPORT A 35-year-old woman took moclobemide, sertraline, and citalopram in a suicide attempt. She was conscious with mild tachycardia,(More)
INTRODUCTION Cyclooxygenase is a key enzyme in prostanoid synthesis. It exists in two isoforms: cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), which is constitutively expressed in cells and tissues maintaining normal homeostasis, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which is normally not present in most cells, but can be induced by various stimuli. Little is known about the(More)