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Techniques were developed for the measurement of intracellular potentials and potassium activities in rat proximal tubule cells using double barreled K+ liquid-ion-exchanger microelectrodes. After obtaining measurements of stable and reliable control values, the effects of K+ depletion and metabolic and respiratory acidosis on the intracellular potential(More)
In the present study we have examined effects of ethanol and magnesium on Ni(2+)-induced bursting of leech Retzius cells. Saline with 3 mmol/l NiCl2 induced spontaneous bursting activity, characterized by rapid depolarizations to a plateau level during which bursts of action potentials occurred. To test for the mechanism of bursting initiation external Na+(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the acute effects of extracellular low micromolar concentrations of cadmium and mercury ions on the peritubular cell membrane potential and its potassium selectivity in proximal tubular cells of the frog kidney. Peritubular exposure to 3 micromol/L Cd(2+) or 1 micromol/L Hg(2+) led to a rapid, sustained and(More)
We investigated the effect of beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) on input membrane resistance of leech Retzius nerve cells and the effect of the same substance on the membrane potential in the presence of 20 mM bicarbonate. Results of our experiments show that L-BMAA significantly reduces input membrane resistance on our model. This leads to the(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the functional significance of KCNQ1-mediated K+ secretory fluxes in proximal tubular cells of the frog kidney. To this end, we investigated the effects on rapid depolarization and slow repolarization of the peritubular membrane potential after luminal addition of L-phenylalanine or L-alanine plus/minus KCNQ1(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate KCNQ1 K+ channel expression in the frog kidney of Rana esculenta. KCNQ1 K+ channel, also known as KvLQT1, is the pore forming a-subunit of the IKs K+ channel, a delayed rectifier voltage-gated K+ channel, which has an important role in water and salt transport in the kidney and gastrointestinal tract. The expression of(More)
The effects of Lathyrus sativus neurotoxin were studied on the cell membrane potential and cellular cation composition in Retzius nerve cells of the leech Haemopis sanguisuga, with ion-selective microelectrodes using liquid ion-exchangers. Bath application of 10(-4) mol/l Lathyrus sativus neurotoxin for 3 min depolarized the cell membrane potential and(More)
The role of neurotoxic non-protein amino acid beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) as a putative causative agent of Western pacific amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Parkinsonism dementia complex (ALS/PDC) has recently been reinvigorated. In view of this data we have investigated the strength and mechanism of effect of L-BMAA in presence of 20 mmol/L(More)
Three distinct approaches are currently used in assessing acid-base disorders: the traditional - physiological or bicarbonate-centered approach, the base-excess approach, and the "modern" physicochemical approach proposed by Peter Stewart, which uses the strong ion difference (particularly the sodium chloride difference) and the concentration of nonvolatile(More)
Effects of cumene hydroperoxide were studied on the peritubular membrane potential and cellular cation composition in frog kidney proximal tubular cells. After perfusion of isolated frog kidneys for 30 min with 1.3x10(-4) mol l(-1) cumene hydroperoxide Ringer solution, the peritubular membrane potential gradually declined. The ouabain-like effects were(More)