Drora Zenvirth

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In the mitotic cell cycle of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the sister chromatid is preferred over the homologous chromosome (non-sister chromatid) as a substrate for DNA double-strand break repair. However, no genes have yet been shown to be preferentially involved in sister chromatid-mediated repair. We developed a novel method to identify genes that(More)
We present a scheme for locating double-strand breaks (DSBs) in meiotic chromosomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, based on the separation of large DNA molecules by pulsed field gel electrophoresis. Using a rad50S mutant, in which DSBs are not processed, we show that DSBs are widely induced in S. cerevisiae chromosomes during meiosis. Some of the DSBs(More)
A multicopy plasmid was isolated from a yeast genomic library, whose presence resulted in a twofold increase in meiotic nondisjunction of chromosome III. The plasmid contains a 7.5-kb insert from the middle of the right arm of chromosome III, including the gene THR4. Using chromosomal fragments derived from chromosome III, we determined that the cloned(More)
Meiotic recombination in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is initiated at double-strand breaks (DSBs), which occur preferentially at specific locations. Genetically mapped regions of elevated meiotic recombination ('hotspots') coincide with meiotic DSB sites, which can be identified on chromosome blots of meiotic DNA (refs 4,5; S.K. et al., manuscript(More)
The nature of the inorganic carbon (C(i)) species actively taken up by cyanobacteria CO(2) or HCO(3) (-) has been investigated. The kinetics of CO(2) uptake, as well as that of HCO(3) (-) uptake, indicated the involvement of a saturable process. The apparent affinity of the uptake mechanism for CO(2) was higher than that for HCO(3) (-). Though the(More)
BACKGROUND When Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells that have begun meiosis are transferred to mitotic growth conditions ('return-to-growth', RTG), they can complete recombination at high meiotic frequencies, but undergo mitotic cell division and remain diploid. It was not known how meiotic recombination intermediates are repaired following RTG. Using molecular(More)
The ability to transfer yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones among yeast hosts greatly enhances their utility as cloned DNAs by increasing the range of methods available for experimental manipulation. An effective method for the transfer of YACs between strains in Kar1- matings is described in the accompanying paper (F. Spencer et al., 1994, Genomics(More)
Spore germination in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a process in which non-dividing haploid spores re-enter the mitotic cell cycle and resume vegetative growth. To study the signals and pathways underlying spore germination we examined the global changes in gene expression and followed cell-cycle and germination markers during this process. We find(More)
Quantitative traits are conditioned by several genetic determinants. Since such genes influence many important complex traits in various organisms, the identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) is of major interest, but still encounters serious difficulties. We detected four linked genes within one QTL, which participate in controlling sporulation(More)
We examined the efficacy of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for the assessment of the phylogeny and biodiversity of Saccharomyces strains. Each of 32 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains was genotyped at 30 SNP loci discovered by sequence alignment of the S. cerevisiae laboratory strain SK1 to the database sequence of strain S288c. In total, 10(More)