Drora Halperin

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Cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with severe neutrophilic airway inflammation. We showed that moxifloxacin (MXF) inhibits IL-8 and MAPK activation in monocytic and respiratory epithelial cells. Azithromycin (AZM) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) are used clinically in CF. Thus we now examined effects of MXF, CIP, and AZM directly on CF cells. IB3, a CF bronchial(More)
We previously showed that moxifloxacin (MXF) exerts protective anti-inflammatory effects in immunosuppressed mice infected with Candida albicans by inhibiting interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production in the lung. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated inhibition of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB translocation in lung epithelium and(More)
OBJECTIVES We have previously shown that moxifloxacin conferred protective anti-inflammatory effects against Candida pneumonia in immunosuppressed mice. Further in vitro studies showed anti-inflammatory effects of moxifloxacin in LPS and cytokine-stimulated monocytic and epithelial cells. In the present study, concentrating on a more challenging pathogen of(More)
Fanconi anaemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive and X-linked disease characterized by severe genetic instability and increased incidence of cancer. One explanation for this instability may be the cellular hypersensitivity to oxidative stress leading to chromosomal breaks. This study explored the possible oxidative damage to telomeres of FA lymphocyte cell(More)
Jaspamide, a naturally occurring cyclic peptide isolated from the marine sponge Hemiastrella minor, has fungicidal and growth-inhibiting activities. Exposure of promyelocytic HL-60 cells and human monocytes to jaspamide induces a dramatic reorganization of actin from a typical fibrous network to focal aggregates. HL-60 cells exposed to 5 x 10(-8) mol/L or(More)
Etoposide (VP-16) is a topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitor chemotherapeutic agent. Studies indicate that VP-16 enhances proinflammatory cytokines secretion from tumour cells, including IL-8, a chemokine associated with proangiogenic effects. Fluoroquinolones inhibit topo II activity in eukaryotic cells by a mechanism different from that of VP-16. The(More)
The effect of the methanol extract residue (MER) fraction of BCG tubercle bacilli on the generation of primary antibody responsiveness in vitro to sheep red blood cells (SRBC) was ascertained in cell reconstitution experiments, employing enriched populations of mouse macrophages and of T and B lymphocytes. In each of the antibody generation cultures one or(More)
Mice repeatedly immunized with the methanol extraction residue fraction of tubercle bacilli (MER) in incomplete Freund's adjuvant produced high titers of circulating antibodies against MER, as assessed by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Spleen cells derived from these animals failed to respond to the usual nonspecific(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II) are among the most abundant growth factors found in bone. Although their local production has been implicated in growth and development, localization of the cells that express these proteins is not well documented. We have studied, by in situ hybridization, the temporal and spatial expression of IGF-I and(More)
Camptothecins (CPTs) are topoisomerase I inhibitors chemotherapeutic agents used in combination chemotherapy. We showed previously that combination of moxifloxacin (MXF) and CPT induced inhibitory effects on topoisomerase I activity, on proliferation of HT-29 cells in vitro and enhanced apoptosis, compared to CPT alone. Analysis of secretion of the(More)