Driss Zoukhri

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PURPOSE To determine whether lacrimal and salivary gland nerves of an animal model of Sjögren's syndrome, the MRL/lpr mouse, are able to release acetylcholine. The second purpose was to determine whether activation of the lacrimal gland nerves of the MRL/lpr mouse leads to protein secretion. METHODS Total saliva was collected for 10 minutes from the oral(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha on neurally mediated lacrimal gland protein secretion and to determine whether the amount of IL-1beta protein is upregulated in inflamed lacrimal glands of the MRL/lpr mouse, a murine model of human Sjögren syndrome. (More)
PURPOSE The authors recently reported that a severe inflammatory response resulting in substantial loss of acinar cells was induced by a single injection of interleukin-1alpha into the lacrimal gland and that this effect was reversible. The purpose of the present study was to determine the mechanisms involved in lacrimal gland injury and repair. METHODS(More)
The non-keratinized epithelia of the ocular surface are constantly challenged by environmental insults, such as smoke, dust, and airborne pathogens. Tears are the sole physical protective barrier for the ocular surface. Production of tears in inadequate quantity or of inadequate quality results in constant irritation of the ocular surface, leading to dry(More)
In the present study, we have synthesized and N-myristoylated peptides derived from the pseudosubstrate sequences of protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha, -delta, and -epsilon [Myr-PKC-alpha-(15-28), Myr-PKC-delta-(142-153), and Myr-PKC-epsilon-(149-164)], three isoforms present in rat lacrimal gland, and a peptide derived from the sequence of the endogenous(More)
PURPOSE To determine which of the neurotrophins (NTs)-nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT3), and neurotrophin-4/5 (NT4)-and their receptors (NTrs), TrkA, TrkB, TrkC, and p75, are present in the adult rat lacrimal gland. METHODS RT-PCR was performed on RNA isolated from male rat lacrimal gland, using(More)
Circular muscle of the esophagus (ESO) is normally relaxed and contracts phasically in response to neural stimuli. In contrast, lower esophageal sphincter (LES) circular muscle maintains spontaneous tone and relaxes in response to neural stimuli. We have previously shown that in vitro, spontaneous LES tone and contraction of ESO in response to acetylcholine(More)
Sjögren's syndrome, an inflammatory disease affecting the lacrimal and salivary glands, is the leading cause of aqueous tear-deficient type of dry eye. We previously showed that interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) protein is up regulated in the lacrimal gland of a murine model of Sjögren's syndrome and that exogenous addition of this cytokine inhibits(More)
PURPOSE To determine the presence of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptor (VIPR) subtypes in the lacrimal gland and to determine if the components of the VIP signaling pathway for protein secretion also are present. METHODS Immunofluorescence studies using conventional fluorescence microscopy or confocal microscopy were performed on fixed sections(More)
Emerging studies from our laboratory demonstrate that interleukin-1 (IL-1) family members play a major role in impairing lacrimal gland functions. Here we have extended our investigations to observe the effects of IL-1 on aqueous tear production, lacrimal gland secretion, lacrimal gland histology, and acinar and ductal cell proliferation. We demonstrate(More)