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We investigate the security of Diffie-Hellman key exchange as used in popular Internet protocols and find it to be less secure than widely believed. First, we present Logjam, a novel flaw in TLS that lets a man-in-the-middle downgrade connections to "export-grade" Diffie-Hellman. To carry out this attack, we implement the number field sieve discrete log(More)
The cutaneous innervation is now known to contain neuropeptides including substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in sensory nerves, and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY), principally in autonomic nerves. Skin biopsies from 100 leprosy patients and equivalent areas from 50 non-leprosy controls were fixed in(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a mediator of vasodilatation and bronchodilatation synthesised from L-arginine by the enzyme NO synthase, which is either constitutive or induced by lipopolysaccharides and/or cytokines. The presence and function of NO synthase in normal or diseased lung is not yet clear. Asthma is characterised by bronchial hyperresponsiveness,(More)
The mammalian respiratory tract is densely innervated by autonomic and sensory nerves around airways and blood vessels. Subsets of these nerves contain a number of putative neurotransmitter peptides, such as substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in sensory nerves and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), possibly serving autonomic(More)
The cutaneous nerves of rat, cat, guinea pig, pig, and man were studied by immunocytochemistry to compare the staining potency of general neural markers and to investigate the density of nerves containing peptides. Antiserum to protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) stained more nerves than antisera to neurofilaments, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and(More)
The origins of sensory innervation of the lower respiratory tract are thought to be principally the nodose and jugular ganglia of the vagus nerve. It has been suggested and partially demonstrated that there is also a component arising from dorsal root ganglia, but the segmental levels involved are not known precisely. We have therefore investigated the(More)
The distribution of the immunoreactivity to nitric oxide synthase has been examined from rostral to caudal areas of the rat central nervous system using light microscopy. Endogenous nitric oxide synthase was located using a specific polyclonal antiserum, produced against affinity purified nitric oxide synthase from whole rat brain, following the(More)
The developmental patterns of neurofilament triplet proteins, peptide and amine immunoreactivities were compared in motor (ventral spinal cord), sensory (dorsal spinal cord, dorsal root ganglia, epidermis), and autonomic (intermediolateral cell columns, dermis) regions in the rat and human. In the rat, neurofilament triplet proteins first appeared in(More)
The occurrence and distribution of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity in the rat respiratory tract were investigated by means of immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay using antibodies raised in rabbits to synthetic rat CGRP. Substantial amounts of CGRP immunoreactivity (range 5-37 pmol/g) were detected in all parts of the respiratory(More)
A 30-year-old woman with longstanding dizziness was found to have a severe postural fall in blood pressure and a reduced skin axon-reflex flare response. Autonomic tests indicated selective impairment of adrenergic sympathetic function. Plasma noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, and dopamine beta hydroxylase were undetectable. Skin biopsy specimens showed(More)