Drew J Roberts

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Octreotide reduces perception of rectal distension in normal volunteers and irritable bowel patients. To localize octreotide's site of action, perceptual and evoked potential responses to rectal electrical stimulation were tested in seven normal volunteers after double-blind octreotide (100 micrograms 2) or placebo. After octreotide, the currents needed to(More)
BACKGROUND Inbred mouse strains C57BL/6J (B6) and C3H/HeJ (C3H) exhibit marked differences in neointimal formation after arterial injury when deficient in apolipoprotein E (apoE(-/-)) and fed a Western diet. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was performed on an intercross between B6.apoE(-/-) and C3H.apoE(-/-) mice to determine genetic factors(More)
Somatostatin (SS) has both excitatory and inhibitory actions on myenteric cholinergic transmission, which are mimicked by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). We hypothesized that both effects of SS are mediated by neural GABA pathways. In guinea pig ileal longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus, SS evoked [3H]-GABA release verifying GABA neural activation. SS(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) modulate immune responses and improve survival in murine transplant models. However, whether the Treg content of allogeneic cell grafts influences the outcome in human haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is not well established. In a prospective study of 94 adult allogeneic PBSC transplants (60% unrelated; 85% reduced(More)
In pharmacological screening tests for activity against the cerebral insults of hypoxia and ischaemia induced by MgCl2 or decapitation in mice, the combination of piracetam and dihydroergocristine has been shown to produce synergistic effects in prolonging the survival time. This was not the case in the model of histiocytic anoxia induced by KCN. Using an(More)
A series of N-substituted 2-aminopyrimidines were prepared and tested for pharmacological activity associated with stimulation of central and peripheral dopamine receptors using piribedil as the reference standard. Most of the new compounds showed some degree of dopaminergic activity although in many cases central activity was not accompanied by peripheral(More)
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