Drew G. Kelts

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BACKGROUND AND AIM:Crohn's disease (CD) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by diverse clinical phenotypes. Childhood-onset CD has been described as a more aggressive phenotype. Genetic and immune factors may influence disease phenotype and clinical course. We examined the association of immune responses to microbial antigens with disease behavior and(More)
An 11-year-old girl with keratitis and plantar keratosis had tyrosinemia. The concentration of tyrosine in the plasma was 16.5 mg/dL. Dietary intake of phenylalanine and tyrosine was systematically varied, and the plasma concentrations of tyrosine and nitrogen balance were studied. It was necessary to achieve a total intake of phenylalanine and tyrosine(More)
To evaluate the potential role of taurine deficiency in the pathogenesis of parenteral nutrition-induced cholestasis, 20 premature (less than 34 weeks AGA) infants were randomized to receive parenteral nutrition with and without taurine (10.8 mg/kg/day) during the first 10 days of life. Birth weight, gestational age, and protein and caloric intake were(More)
A 3-month-old girl and a 13-month-old boy with vitamin B12-unresponsive methylmalonic acidaemia were studied to determine responses to varying levels of protein intake of growth, nitrogen balance and organic acid metabolism. A linear increase in the excretion of methylmalonic acid was observed in both patients above a critical level of protein intake. The(More)
ABSTRACT: Two infants with disorders of propionate metabolism were studied at 7 months of age to determine optimum levels of intake of protein and calories to meet the requirements for essential amino acid for growth in infancy, and at the same time minimize the accumulation of toxic intermediates. An effect of alanine was found that permitted growth at(More)
Experiments were carried out in healthy volunteers to explore the utility of a new [14C]lactulose breath test for measuring small intestinal transit time in man and to use this procedure to test whether two antidiarrheal agents, codeine and clonidine, alter small intestinal transit time during digestion of a liquid meal. In an initial validation study(More)
Supplementation with alanine was found to increase growth in weight and nitrogen balance in 5 infants with a variety of inborn errors of amino acid metabolism receiving diets restricted in protein. The addition of alanine to the regimen led to a mean increase in weight of 15 g/day. This and the increased nitrogen balance of 15 mg/kg/day were highly(More)
Although parenteral and enteral nutrition has advanced rapidly in the last 5 years, prevention of nutritional problems in children still depends on the practice of basic nutritional principles. Breast-feeding remains the best alimentation for the infant. Increased support of breast-feeding in children with cleft lip and/or palate is a simple application of(More)