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A novel genetic scheme was used to isolate mutants altered in the formation or maintenance of amplified rDNA in the Tetrahymena macronucleus. One such mutant had a cis-acting rDNA mutation that affected the ability of mutant rDNA molecules to replicate in macronuclei in the presence of a wild-type (B strain) rDNA. The mutant rDNA was lost from these(More)
Chromosomal origins of DNA replication in higher eukaryotes differ significantly from those of E. coli (oriC) and the tumor virus, SV40 (ori sequence). Initiation events appear to occur throughout broad zones rather than at specific origin sequences. Analysis of four chromosomal origin regions reveals that they share common modular sequence elements. These(More)
We have analyzed the mechanism and dynamics of telomere length variation in the macronucleus of Tetrahymena thermophila. In a newly differentiated macronucleus, the average length of the telomeric repeated sequence, (C4A2 X T2G4)n, is closely regulated. In contrast, in vegetatively dividing cells in log phase, all macronuclear telomeric sequences lengthen(More)
Telomeres are specialized chromatin domains located at the ends of chromosomes. They are involved in chromosome replication, stability and localization in the nucleus. In addition to these functions, recent work suggests that telomeres are involved in such superficially diverse cellular phenomena as ageing, cancer, nuclear architecture and nuclear/cellular(More)
The autonomously replicating rRNA genes (rDNA) in the somatic nucleus of Tetrahymena thermophila are maintained at a copy number of approximately 10(4) per nucleus. A mutant in which the replication properties of this molecule were altered was isolated and characterized. This mutation of inbred strain C3, named rmm4, was shown to have the same effect on(More)
The atomic force microscope (AFM;1) can image DNA and RNA in air and under solutions at resolution comparable to that obtained by electron microscopy (EM) (2-7). We have developed a method for depositing and imaging linear DNA molecules to which 5nm gold spheres have been attached. The gold spheres facilitate orientation of the DNA molecules on the mica(More)
Using synapses which form between somata of Helisoma neurons in cell culture we have studied the presynaptic regulation of synaptic transmission. GTP-binding proteins play important roles in regulating synaptic transmission through their actions on calcium currents, potassium currents and secretory apparatus. Heterotrimeric G proteins continuously regulate(More)
The macronucleus of the ciliate Tetrahymena contains approx. 10(4) ribosomal RNA gene molecules (rDNA) in the form of linear, autonomously replicating palindromes. Previous studies have shown that macronuclear rDNA molecules derived from wild-type (wt) inbred strain C3 out-replicate those derived from wt inbred strain B, in macronuclei initially(More)
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