Dragana R Pavlović

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Glucocorticoids (GC) are used widely for the treatment of patients with various disorders, including autoimmune diseases, allergies, and lymphoproliferative disorders. Glucocorticoid therapy is often limited by several adverse reactions associated with GC excess. Excess GC can elicit a variety of symptoms and signs, including growth retardation in children;(More)
Glucocorticoid hormones (GC) are essential in all aspects of human health and disease. Their anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties are reasons for therapeutic application in several diseases. GC suppress immune activation and uncontrolled overproduction and release of cytokines. GC inhibit the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and stimulate(More)
The hypothesis that two known chelators 1, 2-dimethyl-3-hydroxypyrid-4-one (L1) and desferrioxamine (DFO) might be more efficient as combined treatment than as monotherapies in removing aluminium from the body was tested in a new acute rat model. Five-week old female rats received chelators: L1 (p.o.), DFO (i.p.) or L1+DFO as 100 or 200 mg/kg dose half an(More)
UNLABELLED Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by inflammatory process associated with nitric oxide (NO) and the related species production in CNS, which can nitrosylate protein thiols and modulate their structure and functions, also reducing the CNS content of redox active compounds, such as glutathione (GSH). We have evaluated the relationships(More)
BACKGROUND Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a commonly used flavor enhancer in modern nutrition. It has been shown that administration of MSG induces toxic effects in various regions of brain, thymus, liver and kidney. Also, it is well-documented that Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) has a protective role in MSG-induced cytotoxicity in rat liver, kidney and various(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by inadequate secretion of insulin. Polyamine oxidase (PAO), a FAD-containing enzyme is involved in the biodegradation of Sp and Spd, catalyzing the oxidative deamination of Sp and Spd, resulting in production of ammonia (NH(3)), corresponding amino aldehydes and H(2)O(2). Malondialdehyde (MDA) and(More)
Progression of some renal diseases is characterized by generation of reactive oxygen metabolites that are also involved in the pathophysiology of obstructive nephropathy. Catalase activity and lipid peroxidation were investigated in rats with unilaterally (UUL) and bilaterally ligated ureters (BUL). Forty-eight hours after ligation, the animals were(More)
The oxidative damage of proteins and lipid peroxidation of membrane lipoproteins has already been described as a possible pathogenic mechanism for liver injury. The aim of the present study was to examine the mechanism that could be responsible for the oxidative modification of rat liver 5'-nucleotidase during exposure to different free radical generating(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), a potential candidate for a modulator of convulsive activity, is a mediator in several pathological events in the central nervous system. The polyamines, spermidine (Spd) and spermine, are neuromodulators influencing the metabolism of L-arginine and NO production. Here we examined the effects of Spd on NO production and arginase activity(More)
Under physiological conditions insulin controls the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by a disturbance in the intermediary metabolism of glucose and glucose-induced insulin release. Arginase (L-arginine amidinohydrolase, EC 3.5.3.1) modulates nitric oxide synthase activity by regulating(More)