Dr. William Chester

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A membrane bilayer pathway model has been proposed for the interaction of dihydropyridine (DHP) calcium channel antagonists with receptors in cardiac sarcolemma (Rhodes, D.G., J.G. Sarmiento, and L.G. Herbette. 1985. Mol. Pharmacol. 27:612-623) involving drug partition into the bilayer with subsequent receptor binding mediated (though probably not(More)
Thermal and lyotropic phase behavior was studied by X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry for a diether phosphonolipid analog (DEPN-8) of the major lung surfactant glycerophospholipid dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC). DEPN-8 differs in an ether, rather than an ester, bond at the acyl chain-backbone linkage and a headgroup phosphonate(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that nonspecific drug interaction with the lipid bilayer plays an important role in subsequent recognition and binding to specific receptor sites in the membrane. The interaction of Bay K 8644, a 1,4-dihydropyridine (DHP) calcium channel agonist, with model and biological membranes was examined at the molecular level using(More)
Amiodarone is a drug used in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias and is believed to have a persistent interaction with cellular membranes. This study sought to examine the structure and location of amiodarone in a membrane bilayer. Amiodarone has a high membrane partition coefficient on the order of 10(6). Small angle x-ray diffraction was used to(More)
Cultured chick fibroblasts supplemented with stearic acid in the absence of serum at 37 degrees C degenerate and die in contrast to cells grown at 41 degrees C which appear normal in comparison with controls. These degenerative effects at 37 degrees C are alleviated by addition to stearate-containing media of fatty acids known to fluidize bilayers. These(More)
A "membrane bilayer pathway" model, involving ligand partition into the bilayer, lateral diffusion, and receptor binding has been invoked to describe the 1,4-dihydropyridine (DHP) calcium channel antagonist receptor binding mechanism. In an earlier study (Chester et al. 1987. Biophys. J. 52:1021-1030), the diffusional component of this model was examined(More)
Cytochrome b5 is a microsomal membrane protein which provides reducing potential to delta 5-, delta 6-, and delta 9-fatty acid desaturases through its interaction with cytochrome b5 reductase. Low angle x-ray diffraction has been used to determine the structure of an asymmetrically reconstituted cytochrome b5:DMPC model membrane system. Differential(More)
The interactions of propranolol, nimodipine, and amiodarone with membrane lipids were examined in an effort to explain their different pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Propranolol and nimodipine, which bind with high affinity to plasmalemmal beta-adrenergic and calcium channel receptors, respectively, have membrane partition coefficients of(More)