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We have identified a type II Ca2+-dependent lectin displaying mannose-binding specificity, exclusively expressed by Langerhans cells (LC), and named Langerin. LC are uniquely characterized by Birbeck granules (BG), which are organelles consisting of superimposed and zippered membranes. Here, we have shown that Langerin is constitutively associated with BG(More)
Patch tests with nickel on sensitive subjects induce a characteristic allergic reaction involving epidermal and dermal cells, as well as modulation of cytokines and adhesion molecule production. In order to gain further insight into the role of keratinocytes in this phenomenon, we assessed their activation state induced by Ni2+ by studying interleukin 1(More)
Dendritic cells comprise a system of highly efficient antigen-presenting cells which initiate immune responses such as the sensitization of T cells restricted by major histocompatibility complex molecules, the rejection of organ transplants and the formation of T-cell-dependent antibodies. Dendritic cells are found in many non-lymphoid tissues, such as skin(More)
The comparison of the gene expression profiles between two subpopulations of melanoma cells (1C8 and T1C3) derived from the tumor of one patient by cDNA array revealed differences in GAPDH and beta-actin gene levels. These two housekeeping genes were up-regulated in invasive T1C3 melanoma cells compared to noninvasive 1C8 cells. Since cDNA array results(More)
Contact hypersensitivity is a major public health concern in most industrial countries, which is why predictive tests which could identify potential allergens are needed. We have established an in vitro approach for the detection of primary immune response. This model uses Langerhans-like dendritic cells (LLDC) derived from cord blood progenitors and(More)
We previously reported that in vitro primary sensitization of hapten-specific T cells by cultured human epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) provides an alternative approach to discriminate strong contact sensitizers from irritants (Krasteva et al., 1996; Moulon et al., 1993). However, this LC-based immunoassay was limited by the availability of human skin(More)
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) and human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) encode the accessory viral protein X (Vpx) known to be incorporated into virions in amounts comparable to those of the Gag proteins. The localization of Vpx within SIVmac-infected HUT-78 cells and SIVmac virions was studied by immunoelectron microscopy. Vpx appeared to be(More)
Mutated RAS oncoproteins and epidermal growth factor (EGF) are thought to contribute to the proliferative, invasive and metastatic properties of transformed cells. In the present study, we investigated the role of EGF in two H-ras transfected clones and compared it to that in the parental cell line, HaCaT and primary cultured keratinocytes. Our findings(More)
We recently demonstrated that dendritic cells (DCs) can be generated from monocytes in the presence of high concentrations of human serum (HS), provided the extra-cellular pH is maintained at plasma values. Because monocyte-derived DCs (Mo-DCs) can also be generated in the presence of fetal calf serum (FCS) or serum-free medium, we have investigated whether(More)
Human dendritic cells (DC) can now be generated in vitro in large numbers by culturing CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors in presence of GM-CSF+TNF alpha for 12 d. The present study demonstrates that cord blood CD34+ HPC indeed differentiate along two independent DC pathways. At early time points (day 5-7) during the culture, two subsets of DC precursors(More)