Dr. Stephen L. Gardiner

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C-erbB-2 gene amplification and protein overexpression have been implicated as prognostic markers for patients with recurrent progressive bladder tumors. This event has been investigated as a potential diagnostic indicator in archival samples of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. Two hundred thirty-six bladder tumors from 89 patients with recurrent(More)
Using serial sections of resin-embedded tissue we found granular peripolar cells in six human kidneys. They were present in 3% to 28% of the glomeruli. Using an immunoperoxidase staining technique and an antibody to pure human renin we showed that the human peripolar cell contains no immunostainable renin. The number of peripolar cells correlated with the(More)
We used scanning electron microscopy to study the glomerular peripolar cell in the kidneys of seven sheep. Peripolar cells were present in a variable proportion (3.6-100%) of glomeruli. Although on average two peripolar cells were present at each vascular pole, up to ten were seen on occasion. They were more often related to the afferent than to the(More)
Crescentic glomerulonephritis is a well defined pathological lesion occurring in a range of renal and systemic diseases. We have retrospectively reviewed the aetiology, clinical features and outcome in 60 patients presenting over a five and a half year period. Most patients were elderly (median age 61 years, range 16-84 years). The majority presented with(More)
We have examined 12 autopsy kidneys from cases of malignant hypertension and compared them with normal controls. Peripolar cells and other granulated glomerular epithelial cells were counted in serial paraffin sections, and renin-containing cells were quantified using an immunoperoxidase technique and a human renin antiserum. There were significantly more(More)
BACKGROUND Involvement of the lateral resection margin (LRM) has been shown to be a reliable predictor of local recurrence of rectal cancer. Accurate determination of the LRM status is crucial in selecting patients for postoperative radiotherapy. However, variability in processing factors may affect the measurement of the LRM. AIM To investigate how(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prognostic value of the overexpression of p53 protein as determined by immunohistochemistry in recurrent progressive transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 222 tumours from 86 patients with recurrent disease, 20 from patients with no evidence of recurrence after resection of initial tumour(More)
Rudimentary cilia have been observed in muscle cells lining the tube feet of Ophioderma brevispinum (Ophiuroidea) and in muscle cells of the body wall and parapodial glands of Owenia fusiformis (Polychaeta). A diplosomal basal body is associated with each cilium. Striated rootlets are absent. This is the first report on rudimentary cilia in muscle cells of(More)
There is now morphological evidence from several species that the peripolar cell is a distinctive glomerular cell which may have a secretory function, although a secretory product has not been identified. Peripolar cells, like other glomerular epithelial cells, probably absorb plasma proteins from the glomerular filtrate. Peripolar cells may participate in(More)