Dr. Kurt Boettiger

Learn More
The reverse transcriptase (RT) of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the major target for antiretroviral therapy of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). While some inhibitors exhibit activity against most retroviral RTs, others are specific for the HIV-1 enzyme. To develop an animal model for the therapy of the HIV-1 infection with(More)
Malignant lymphomas were observed in 38% (9 of 24) of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) 5 to 15 months after inoculation with SIV strain SMM3. Lymphomagenesis in the SIV-infected monkeys was not related directly to the SIV-infectious dose given. All SIV-infected animals developed severe immunodeficiency.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the pathogenicity of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVsm) in cynomolgus monkeys in order to establish an animal model for human AIDS. METHODS Thirty-three cynomolgus monkeys were monitored for more than 2 years following experimental infection with SIVsm. RESULTS All the macaques became SIV-infected, as demonstrated by virus recovery(More)
A non-opportunistic, generalized giant cell disease (GCD) was found in 12 out of 25 (48%) cynomologus monkeys infected with SIVsm. Most organs were affected notably the lymph nodes (LN), spleen, gut, liver, lungs and CNS. The multinucleated GC varied considerably in cell size and in the number and cytoplasmic distribution of the nuclei.(More)
Cynomolgus monkeys had microdialysis probes implanted under ketamine anesthesia into peripheral veins, thigh muscles, and the brain in order to sample the extracellular fluid for the concentrations of unbound nucleoside analogs. A dose of 25 mg of zidovudine or 3'-fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (FLT) per kg was administered subcutaneously to each of three(More)
A nonradioactive reverse transcriptase (RT) assay was used to measure RT activity in serum during the viremia peak associated with primary infection and for measuring the generation and maintenance of RT activity-blocking antibody (RTb-ab) titers during and after seroconversion in SIV-infected macaques. The RT assay was compared to an antigen capture(More)
High-grade malignant nonHodgkin's lymphomas--five lymphoblastic, three pleomorphic, and two immunoblastic--developed in 10/25 cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) followed for up to 746 d after infection with simian immunodeficiency virus, strain SIVsm. These lymphomas were shown to be associated with an Epstein-Barr (EB)-like cynomolgus B-lymphotropic(More)
At present it is not known which form of immunity would be most effective against infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). To evaluate the possible role of cellular immunity, we examined whether four HIV type 2-exposed but seronegative macaques developed cellular immune responses and determined whether these exposed macaques were resistant to(More)
The possibility of using simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaques to study pathogenic events linked to HIV infection of the brain prompted us to investigate some of the virological features in SIV-infected macaques. Nine cynomolgus macaques were inoculated with SIVsm and killed at different times. We successfully isolated virus from the blood(More)