Dr Elise Hoffmann

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Ethics committees now exist in most hospitals. Their recent establishment in many institutions was a response to a 1991 mandate by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). Proposed or new legislation in a few states is elevating the status of these committees, either requiring their use in certain cases, allowing them to(More)
More than 60 percent of hospitals have ethics committees. The wide-scale, voluntary adoption of these committees by hospitals is surprising, given the lack of data on their effectiveness. Little effort has been made to evaluate such committees, in part because of the lack of consensus on their purpose. The argument presented here is that, from a policy(More)
Latin American pharmacovigilance systems have developed considerably since the early 1990s and have continued to strengthen. The aim of this article is to review and analyse pharmacovigilance regulatory requirements governing the pharmaceutical industry’s activities in 21 countries in Latin America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,(More)
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