Dr. D. W. G. Brown

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 Genomic characterization of Norwalk-like human caliciviruses (NLVs) originating from outbreaks and sporadic cases of acute gastroenteritis has revealed surprisingly high levels of diversity, even in the RNA polymerase gene, which is anticipated to be highly conserved. Since information on antigenic relationship is limited, due to the lack of a tissue(More)
In two separate studies rabbits were fed orally with human and rabbit “picobirnaviruses”. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) of nucleic acid extracted from faecal samples collected from inoculated rabbits revealed the presence of discrete equimolar bands, typical of picobirnaviruses, in several specimens. The genome profiles detected in both studies(More)
Numerous outbreaks of gastroenteritis have been associated with Norwalk virus and Small Round Structured Viruses (SRSVs). These single-stranded RNA viruses, recently classified in the Caliciviridae, have been divided into three genogroups. Antigenic relationships also have been established among the different strains. As both an in vitro culture system and(More)
 The 2362 base pair sequence of the larger of the two double stranded RNA genome segments of a rabbit strain of picobirnavirus (PBV) has a major open reading frame (ORF) of 591 amino acids and two smaller ORFs of 55 and 155 amino acids. A clone of the segment did not hybridise with other viral bisegmented ds RNAs from faecal samples. There is no(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was designed which is specific toMacaca fascicularis (cynomolgus monkey) isolates of B virus. The PCR primers produced the expected 188 basepair product from the Cyno 2 strain and seven other cynomolgus monkey isolates of B virus. Oligomer hybridization with a 31-mer oligonucleotide was used to confirm the origin of this(More)
A picobirnavirus with an atypical genome profile was detected by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) in 37% (20/54) of human faecal samples also containing oocysts ofCryptosporidium typical ofC. parvum. This virus shares many of the characteristics of the previously described picobirnaviruses, but has a significantly smaller genome (1.75 and 1.55 Kbp).
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