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In this paper, we review the structure and function of a unique type of actin-related intercellular adhesion junctions in the testis. Based on their ultrastructure, the junctions are divided into five distinct domains. The currently identified molecular components of each domain are summarized. In addition, the architecture of the mammalian system is(More)
We have investigated, using indirect immunofluorescence techniques, the possibility that vinculin is a component of Sertoli cell ectoplasmic specializations. Affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies produced against human platelet vinculin were used to probe fixed frozen sections of rat testis. Specific fluorescence occurs in Sertoli cell regions adjacent to(More)
Histamine is known to induce gastric ulcers in guinea pigs after intraperitoneal administration and duodenal ulcers after repeated intramuscular administrations. This study was undertaken to clarify further the differential role of H1 and H2 receptor sites in respect to gastric and duodenal ulcer in the guinea pig. Groups of guinea pigs were treated with(More)
The germinal epithelium of male vertebrates consists of Sertoli cells and spermatogenic cells. Intercellular junctions formed by Sertoli cells assume critical roles in the normal functions of this epithelium. While Sertoli cell junctions have been well characterized in mammals, similar junctions in nonmammalian vertebrates have received little attention. We(More)
Ectoplasmic specializations of Sertoli cells are actin containing structures found at sites of attachment to spermatids and to neighboring Sertoli cells. We suspect that these cytoskeletal structures are a form of actin-associated adhesion junction. If this is true, then molecular components, such as vinculin, that characterize actin-associated adhesion(More)
This study provides the first detailed description of the Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) adrenal gland with emphasis on the medulla. Thirty-one dolphins of varying age and sex were used in this study. No statistical differences were found between the right and left gland mass, however, the left was typically greater. Mean mass for the(More)
The morphology and histology of the cetacean adrenal gland are poorly understood. Therefore, this study examined 32 pairs of adrenal glands from 18 pan-tropical spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata) and 14 spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris). In both species, the cortex was pseudolobulated and contained a typical mammalian zonation. Medullary(More)
In this paper we present evidence for the presence of actin-related junctions between neighboring Sertoli cells and between Sertoli cells and spermatids in the testis of the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). In the guppy, spermatogenesis occurs in spermatocysts that are lined by a simple squamous to cuboidal epithelium formed of Sertoli cells. At a certain stage(More)
Duodenal ulcers were induced acutely in female rats by a single oral administration of cysteamine, 70 mg/100 gm, in order to study morphologic progression of lesion development from the perspective of cellular surface changes by scanning electron microscopy. Thick sections of resin-embedded specimens were also studied by light microscopy, and animals were(More)