Learn More
1. Adrenaline at concentrations too low to cause aggregation of human platelets potentiates the aggregation by adenosine diphosphate. Noradrenaline has the same effect but is less active than adrenaline; isopropylnoradrenaline is inactive or inhibitory.2. The potentiation of adenosine diphosphate by catecholamines is blocked by the adrenergic alpha-receptor(More)
Platelet factor XI is an alternatively spliced product of the factor XI gene expressed specifically within megakaryocytes and platelets as an approximately 1.9-kb mRNA transcript (compared with approximately 2.1 kb in liver cells) lacking exon V. Flow cytometry with an affinity-purified factor XI antibody, with PAC1 antibody (to the GPIIb/IIIa complex on(More)
Clopidogrel, like the homologous thienopyridine derivative ticlopidine, selectively inhibits platelet aggregation induced by ADP. We have previously described two nucleotide-binding sites on platelets related to ADP-mediated platelet responses. The first is a high-affinity binding site for 2-methylthio-ADP (2-MeSADP) that is linked to the inhibition of(More)
1. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adrenaline caused the aggregation of human platelets suspended in plasma containing citrate anticoagulant and stirred at 37 degrees C. The aggregation occurred in two phases and the second phase was associated with the appearance in the plasma of up to 30% of the ATP and 55% of the ADP present in the platelets. The(More)
The influence of freshly purified ATP on the effects of aggregating agents on human platelets was studied. ATP inhibited aggregation induced by ADP competitively (Ki = 20 muM) and immediately without need for prior incubation. ATP had no effect on primary aggregation induced by adrenaline, thrombin, vasopressin, or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT). ATP inhibited(More)
The platelets from two related patients with the hereditary giant platelet syndrome were examined. They were larger than normal but otherwise ultrastructurally normal; they contained increased storage pools of adenine nucleotides and heparin-neutralizing activity and took up serotonin at an increased rate. They aggregated normally with ADP and collagen but(More)
A method for washing platelets by albumin density gradient separation, originally designed for the study of platelet coagulant activities, has been modified for platelet aggregation and metabolic studies. Platelets are sedimented into a continuous density gradient of isosmolar albumin containing apyrase to protect them from clumping and physical injury and(More)
The role of thrombin in ADP-induced aggregation and release in vitro was critically examined. The addition of heparin or hirudin to citrated platelet rich plasma did not prevent aggregation or release. The addition of citrate to heparinized plasma restored secondary aggregation and release. Hirudin did not prevent irreversible aggregation. These results are(More)