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A heterotopic cardiac transplant model, with male Fischer 344 rats as donors and Long Evans rats as recipients, was utilized to investigate the effect of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on acute rejection. Both donor and recipient rats were fed purified diets high in either n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (from concentrated n-3 ethyl esters [EE] or(More)
Under certain incubation conditions 5-(tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid (TOFA) stimulated the oxidation of palmitate by hepatocytes, as observed by others. A decrease in malonyl-CoA concentration accompanied the stimulation of oxidation. Under other conditions, however, TOFA inhibited fatty acid oxidation. The observed effects of TOFA depended on the TOFA and(More)
Rates of ketogenesis in mitochondria from fed or starved rats were identical at optimal substrate concentrations, but responded differently to inhibition by malonyl-CoA. Kinetic data suggest that the K1 for malonyl-CoA is greater in the starved animal. These results indicate that, for the regulation of ketogenesis in the starved state, the lower sensitivity(More)
Rats were fed Chow (C; low-fat control) or a purified high-fat (30% of calories) low cholesterol diet containing menhaden oil (MO), corn oil (CO) or lard (L) for 2, 4 or 6 weeks. Rats were killed after an overnight fast. MO-fed rats had a larger weight/body weight that was accompanied by a lower mg liver DNA/g liver but unchanged liver DNA/body weight,(More)
Substrate saturation plots of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I activity from isolated rat liver mitochondria vs. palmitoyl-CoA concentration in the presence of bovine serum albumin have been reported to yield sigmoidal kinetics. Under identical assay conditions we have confirmed these observations as reflected by nonlinear Lineweaver-Burke plots (1/vi vs.(More)
Decreasing the osmolarity of the incubation media for rat liver mitochondria, by lowering the KCl or sucrose content, greatly increased the oxidation of palmitate, palmitoyl-CoA, palmitoyl-(-)-carnitine, octanoate and butyrate, but only slightly affected the oxidation of succinate, glutamate plus malate, and 3-hydroxybutyrate. Kinetic studies indicated that(More)
The oxidation of [l-Wlpalmitate by isolated rat liver mitochondria was increased by calcium chloride, and was quantitatively accounted for by an increased production of ketone bodies facetoacetate plus /3-hydroxybutyrate). ‘%02 production was depressed by Ca2+. These changes were associated with an elevated /3-hydroxybutyrate:acetoacetate ratio, reflecting(More)
Pancreatic islet allografts are rejected very rapidly due to their high immunogenicity. Several attempts have been made to reduce the immunogenicity prior to transplantation. We treated islets with MHC Ia (class II) antigen monoclonal antibody and complement in order to lyse Ia antigen bearing cells within the islets. This treatment caused a distinct(More)
Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is routinely utilized in vitro to prevent the adverse detergent effects of long-chain acyl-CoA esters (i.e., palmitoyl-CoA) in enzyme assays. Determination of substrate saturation kinetics in the presence of albumin would only be valid if the relationship between bound and free substrate concentrations was known. To elucidate the(More)