Dr. A. Essig

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The purpose of this study was to determine the threshold of exercise energy expenditure necessary to change blood lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and lipoprotein lipase activity (LPLA) in healthy, trained men. On different days, 11 men (age, 26.7 +/- 6.1 yr; body fat, 11.0 +/- 1.5%) completed four separate, randomly assigned, submaximal treadmill(More)
This investigation was undertaken to evaluate whether the mitochondrial disfunction associated with glucocorticoid treatment is expressed at the level of cytochrome-c oxidase (COX) and whether endurance training attenuates this response. Adult female rats were administered cortisol acetate (100 mg/kg body wt) or an equal volume of the vehicle solution for(More)
Recent studies have concluded that a single exercise session has no immediate effect on the plasma concentration of leptin, a putative satiety factor. We tested the hypothesis that an increase in energy expenditure would decrease the leptin concentration but the effects would be manifest in a 48-hour period following exercise. Eleven active males completed(More)
The capacity of preexisting antioxidant pathways to handle oxidative stress during exercise may be complemented by the synthesis of inducible heat stress proteins (HSP). Our purpose was to determine if the amount of mRNA for HSP32, a major oxidative stress protein, was increased in muscle after repetitive contractions. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain(More)
The cellular control of intramuscular triglyceride (TG) metabolism involves two major identified lipases: hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL). Recently, the presence of HSL in muscle has been unequivocally demonstrated. However, although it is thought that HSL is responsible for intramuscular TG lipolysis, direct evidence for this is(More)
UNLABELLED Epidemiological evidence suggests that physical activity may be protective against the development of colon cancer. Potential mechanisms remain largely unexplored due to the paucity of appropriate experimental models. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise training on polyp development in an induced mutant mouse(More)
The influence of inducible heat stress proteins on protecting contracting skeletal muscle against fatigue-induced injury was investigated. A line of transgenic mice overexpressing the inducible form of the 72-kDa heat shock protein (HSP72) in skeletal muscles was used. We examined the relationship between muscle contractility and levels of the constitutive(More)
Increased synthesis of stress proteins may enhance myocardial viability during periods of low oxygen delivery. Our purpose was to determine if the oxidative stress protein heme oxygenase-1 [heat stress protein 32 (HSP 32)] was induced in hypoxic cardiomyocytes and whether this induction might be mediated by a redox-sensitive mechanism. Primary rat neonatal(More)
We hypothesized that a previously observed exercise-induced suppression of alveolar macrophage antiviral resistance results from increases in corticosterone and/or epinephrine. Mice (CD-1) were run to fatigue on a treadmill (exercise), or placed in Plexiglas lanes above the treadmill (control). The role of corticosterone was assessed by further dividing(More)
The synthesis of haem has been postulated to be a key regulatory step in muscle mitochondrial biogenesis. We examined the expression of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase (ALAs), the regulatory enzyme of haem metabolism, in 10 Hz electrically stimulated and non-stimulated control rat tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. ALAs activity and mRNA levels were measured at(More)