Dr. A. Boettiger

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The reverse transcriptase (RT) of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the major target for antiretroviral therapy of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). While some inhibitors exhibit activity against most retroviral RTs, others are specific for the HIV-1 enzyme. To develop an animal model for the therapy of the HIV-1 infection with(More)
Malignant lymphomas were observed in 38% (9 of 24) of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) 5 to 15 months after inoculation with SIV strain SMM3. Lymphomagenesis in the SIV-infected monkeys was not related directly to the SIV-infectious dose given. All SIV-infected animals developed severe immunodeficiency.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the pathogenicity of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVsm) in cynomolgus monkeys in order to establish an animal model for human AIDS. METHODS Thirty-three cynomolgus monkeys were monitored for more than 2 years following experimental infection with SIVsm. RESULTS All the macaques became SIV-infected, as demonstrated by virus recovery(More)
Cynomolgus monkeys had microdialysis probes implanted under ketamine anesthesia into peripheral veins, thigh muscles, and the brain in order to sample the extracellular fluid for the concentrations of unbound nucleoside analogs. A dose of 25 mg of zidovudine or 3'-fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (FLT) per kg was administered subcutaneously to each of three(More)
A non-opportunistic, generalized giant cell disease (GCD) was found in 12 out of 25 (48%) cynomologus monkeys infected with SIVsm. Most organs were affected notably the lymph nodes (LN), spleen, gut, liver, lungs and CNS. The multinucleated GC varied considerably in cell size and in the number and cytoplasmic distribution of the nuclei.(More)
At present it is not known which form of immunity would be most effective against infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). To evaluate the possible role of cellular immunity, we examined whether four HIV type 2-exposed but seronegative macaques developed cellular immune responses and determined whether these exposed macaques were resistant to(More)
High-grade malignant nonHodgkin's lymphomas--five lymphoblastic, three pleomorphic, and two immunoblastic--developed in 10/25 cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) followed for up to 746 d after infection with simian immunodeficiency virus, strain SIVsm. These lymphomas were shown to be associated with an Epstein-Barr (EB)-like cynomolgus B-lymphotropic(More)
Immunoaffinity enriched spleen follicular dendritic cells (FDCs), lymphocytes, and macrophages from SIVsm-inoculated cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) at different stages of disease were compared for latent and productive SIV infection. Analysis of FDCs by in situ hybridization, electron microscopy, and coculture assays indicated that comparatively(More)
We studied follicles in sections of lymph nodes and spleen from cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) after infection with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVsm), by (immuno)histology and (immunogold) electron microscopy. Also isolated follicular dendritic cells (FDC) were investigated. Histology showed ranged from follicular hyperplasia to follicle(More)