Doz. Dr. med. W. Schmitt

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Occlusive lesions that reduced graft blood flow and ankle systolic pressure were identified in 83 femorodistal saphenous vein bypasses by use of duplex scanning or arteriography. Sites of stenosis included vein conduit (n = 41), anastomoses (n = 20), outflow arteries (n = 15), or inflow (n = 9) arteries. One hundred three secondary procedures consisting of(More)
Staphylococcal infection of a vascular prosthesis is a relatively uncommon complication of peripheral vascular surgery; however, these infections and their sequelae can be catastrophic. The majority of prosthetic graft infections are caused by mucin-producing strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis, which express varying degrees of adherence to the synthetic(More)
Parenteral antibiotics are used as an adjunct to amputation or operative debridement for patients with diabetes who require emergency surgery for a septic foot. In 26 patients with a diabetes-related foot infection, one dose of various intravenous antibiotic regimens (gentamicin and clindamycin, ticarcillin/clavulanate, ampicillin/sulbactam) was(More)
An in vitro model was developed to quantitatively measure bacterial adherence to the surface of prosthetic vascular graft material. Four strains of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, nonmucin-producing S. epidermidis [SP-2], mucin-producing S. epidermidis [RP-12], and Escherichia coli) were used to inoculate expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), woven(More)
From 1981 to 1989, 361 consecutive in situ saphenous vein bypasses were performed. Indications for revascularization were critical limb ischemia (n = 335, 93%), popliteal aneurysm (n = 15, 4%), and claudication (n = 11, 3%). Outflow tract was the popliteal artery in 116 (32%) and tibial artery in 245 (68%) of bypasses. At 6 years primary patency was 63% and(More)
Graft excision and extra-anatomic revascularization is the treatment of choice for the septic aortic prosthesis. From 1979 to 1988, 20 patients underwent resection of aortic grafts and extra-anatomic bypass for the treatment of graft infections (No. 11) and aorto-enteric fistulas (No.9). The mean time interval from primary aortic surgery to the reoperative(More)
Vascular grafts may be salvaged with thrombolytic therapy after acute occlusion as an alternative to balloon catheter thrombectomy. From October 1987 to May 1990, 15 arterial bypasses to the lower extremity (infrainguinal saphenous vein [n = 7] or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene [n = 6], and Dacron aortofemoral bifurcation graft limbs [n = 2]) were treated(More)
Occult infection was investigated as an etiologic factor in the formation of femoral anastomotic pseudoaneurysms associated with prosthetic vascular grafts. Forty-five femoral pseudoaneurysms with no clinical evidence of infection 10 to 173 months after prosthetic graft placement were consecutively studied. The explanted Dacron or explanted(More)
Implementation of a protocol that monitored in situ saphenous vein bypass hemodynamics for low-flow states provided insight into the pathophysiologic characteristics and time course of graft failure. From 1981 to 1988, 250 in situ bypasses to popliteal (n = 83) or tibial (n = 167) arteries were performed in 231 patients. Indications for operation included(More)
Lifetime anticoagulation has become a therapeutic option for surgical patients with hypercoagulable states or prosthetic arterial bypass grafts. However, physicians may not achieve optimal anticoagulation or may attempt to limit the length of the therapy period because of the perceived morbidity from hemorrhagic complications of Coumadin therapy. A protocol(More)