An algorithm that suppresses translational motion artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by using post processing on a standard spin-warp image is presented. It is shown that translational motion causes an additional phase factor in the detected signal and that this phase error can be removed using an iterative algorithm of generalized projections.… (More)
The phase of an image obtained with many magnetic resonance imaging techniques is related to some physical variable of interest. This phase needs to be unwrapped, which is complicated by the presence of noise and multiple objects of irregular shape. A new two-dimensional phase unwrapping algorithm is presented, along with simulation results.
Discrimination between signals produced by fat and by water is an important issue in MRI. One efficient approach is to perform fat-suppression by selective inversion. This technique exploits the transition region of a selective RF pulse to invert the longitudinal lipid magnetization while leaving the magnetization of the water protons untouched. The… (More)
Phase unwrapping refers to the determination of phase from modulo 2pi data, some of which may not be reliable. In 2D, this is equivalent to confining the support of the phase function to one or more arbitrarily shaped regions. A phase unwrapping algorithm is presented which works for 2D data known only within a set of nonconnected regions with possibly… (More)
Optimal control theory has been applied in the past for the design of RF pulses for selective excitation. This was the outcome of having established the controllability of the MR spin system for the selective excitation problem. "Minimum distance" was the main formulation used for the solution. Because of their robust behavior in the presence of… (More)
Adiabatic pulses play an important role in magnetization inversion in the presence of RF field inhomogeneity. In this work the authors present an efficient adiabatic inversion pulse that is able to selectively invert magnetization over a large frequency bandwidth in a short time. The pulse is constructed in two steps: (i) the optimal trajectory is… (More)