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Biotransport of nitric oxide (NO) and of oxygen (O(2)) in the microcirculation are inherently interdependent, since all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms (eNOS, nNOS, and iNOS) require O(2) to produce NO. Furthermore, tissue O(2) consumption is reversibly inhibited by NO. To investigate these complex interactions, a mathematical model was developed for(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) produced by the endothelium is involved in the regulation of vascular tone. Decreased NO production or availability has been linked to endothelial dysfunction in hypercholesterolemia and hypertension. Shear stress-induced NO release is a well-established phenomenon, yet the cellular mechanisms of this response are not completely(More)
A mathematical mass transport model was constructed in cylindrical geometry to follow coupled biochemical reactions and diffusion of oxygen, nitric oxide, superoxide, peroxynitrite, hydrogen peroxide, nitrite, and nitrate around a blood vessel. Computer simulations were performed for a 50 microm internal diameter arteriole to characterize mass transport in(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate the complex co-transport of nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen (O2) in a paired arteriole–venule, surrounded by capillary-perfused tissue using a computer model. Blood flow was assumed to be steady in the arteriolar and venular lumens and to obey Darcy’s law in the tissue. NO consumption rate was assumed to be constant in(More)
A digital computer model of the human cardiovascular system has been developed which can be used for studying impairment of cerebral function during +Gz stress. The model includes simulation of the arterial and venous systems, the heart, baroreceptor control of heart rate, control of venous tone, and the effect of gravity. Model predictions suggest that,(More)
Economic and policy issues increasingly influence healthcare technology solutions as we wrestle with keeping healthcare quality high while keeping costs under control. The healthcare system is also undergoing rapid change brought about by managed care, shifting care to team providers in an outpatient or home environment. The development of health(More)
We developed a two-dimensional model of transport-dependent intracellular calcium signaling in endothelial cells (ECs). Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of spatial colocalization of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and capacitative calcium entry (CCE) channels in caveolae on eNOS activation in response to ATP. Caveolae are specialized(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen (O2) transport in the microcirculation are coupled in a complex manner, since enzymatic production of NO depends on O2 availability, NO modulates vascular tone and O2 delivery, and tissue O2 consumption is reversibly inhibited by NO. The authors investigated whether NO bioavailability is influenced by the well-known Fåhraeus(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to study the effect of the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in the plasma layer near the arteriole wall on nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen (O2) transport. To this end, we extended a coupled NO and O2 diffusion-reaction model in the arteriole, developed by our group, to include the effect of the presence of RBCs in the(More)
Cardiac oxygen availability and oxygen consumption were used in a theoretical study as indexes of myocardial energy supply and utilization, respectively. A detailed computer simulation of the closed-loop canine cardiovascular system was utilized to study the dependence of these indexes on timing of the intraaortic balloon pump. Oxygen availability exhibited(More)