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In Alzheimer disease, beta-amyloid peptide accumulates in the brain as insoluble amyloid plaques. Amyloid filaments, similar to those found in amyloid plaques, can be assembled in vitro from chemically synthesized beta-peptides. In this study, we report that antibodies raised against the N-terminal region (1-28) of the beta-amyloid peptide bind to the in(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines, pathological iron deposition, and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). HO-1 mRNA levels and mitochondrial uptake of [(55)Fe]Cl(3)-derived iron were measured in rat astroglial cultures exposed to interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or(More)
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is an antioxidant enzyme that reduces superoxide anion to hydrogen peroxide in cell mitochondria. MnSOD is overexpressed in normal aging brain and in various central nervous system disorders; however, the mechanisms mediating the upregulation of MnSOD under these conditions remain poorly understood. We previously(More)
Little is currently known concerning the mechanisms responsible for the excessive deposition of redox-active iron in the substantia nigra of subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we demonstrate that dopamine promotes the selective sequestration of non-transferrin-derived iron by the mitochondrial compartment of cultured rat astroglia(More)
BACKGROUND Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a 32-kDa stress protein that catalyzes the degradation of heme to biliverdin. HO-1 immunoreactivity is greatly increased in neurons and astrocytes of the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of individuals with AD and colocalizes to senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. METHODS We investigated whether systemic HO-1(More)
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a complex combination of cardiac malformations that probably results from multiple developmental errors in the early stages of cardiogenesis and that, if left untreated, invariably proves fatal. A variety of chest radiographic findings are seen in patients with HLHS, including an enlarged cardiac silhouette (notably(More)
The neuronotoxicity of genes with expanded CAG repeats is most likely mediated by their respective polyglutamine (Gln)-expanded gene products. Gln- expanded portions of these products may be sufficient, or necessary, for pathogenesis. We tested whether a Gln-expanded human androgen receptor (AR) is structurally altered, so that it allows for the proteolytic(More)
Mercury exerts a variety of toxic effects on both neurons and glia. Mercury induces aberrations in microtubules, ion channels and mitochondria presumably by binding to sulfhydryl groups. Indirect evidence further suggests that mercury targeted to mitochondria may induce iron-catalyzed oxygen radical production. We have previously shown that the mitochondria(More)
Eleven patients with acute cervical hyper-extension injury underwent magnetic resonance examination. Magnetic resonance was particularly helpful in diagnosing both intrinsic cord contusion and extradural compression. When spinal cord compromise was present, surgery was undertaken without resort to myelography.