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BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease with incomplete penetrance and variable expression. Causative mutations in genes encoding 5 desmosomal proteins are found in ≈50% of ARVD/C index patients. Previous genotype-phenotype relation studies involved mainly overt ARVD/C index(More)
It has been known for over 20 years that foetal calf serum can induce hypertrophy in cultured cardiomyocytes but this is rarely considered when examining cardiomyocytes derived from pluripotent stem cells (PSC). Here, we determined how serum affected cardiomyocytes from human embryonic- (hESC) and induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) and hiPSC from(More)
In experimental studies, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) models has been associated with enhanced neovascularization and myogenesis. Clinical data however, are scarce. Therefore, the present study evaluates the safety and feasibility of intramyocardial MSC injection in nine patients, shortly after AMI during(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) Diagnostic Task Force Criteria (TFC) proposed in 1994 are highly specific but lack sensitivity. A new international task force modified criteria to improve diagnostic yield. A comparison of diagnosis by 1994 TFC versus newly proposed criteria in 3 patient groups was conducted. (More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show unexplained differences in differentiation potential. In this study, differentiation of human (h) MSCs derived from embryonic, fetal and adult sources toward cardiomyocytes, endothelial and smooth muscle cells was investigated. Labeled hMSCs derived from embryonic stem cells (hESC-MSCs), fetal umbilical cord, bone marrow,(More)
Alignment of cardiomyocytes (CMCs) contributes to the anisotropic (direction-related) tissue structure of the heart, thereby facilitating efficient electrical and mechanical activation of the ventricles. This study aimed to investigate the effects of forced alignment of stem cells during cardiomyogenic differentiation on their functional integration with(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to investigate the development of electrical transmission across human adult bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) during long-term co-incubation with cardiomyocytes (CMCs). METHODS Neonatal rat CMCs were cultured in multi-electrode array dishes. A conduction block was induced by creating a central(More)
Elevated cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) levels have been demonstrated in serum of patients without acute coronary syndromes, potentially via a stretch-related process. We hypothesize that this cTnI release from viable cardiomyocytes is mediated by stimulation of stretch-responsive integrins. Cultured cardiomyocytes were treated with (1) Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser(More)
Myocardial scar formation impairs heart function by inducing cardiac remodeling, decreasing myocardial compliance, and compromising normal electrical conduction. Conversion of myocardial scar fibroblasts (MSFs) into (functional) cardiomyocytes may be an effective alternative treatment to limit loss of cardiac performance after myocardial injury. In this(More)
UNLABELLED For the noninvasive evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD), both multislice CT and gated SPECT are available. How these 2 modalities relate, however, is yet unclear. The purpose of this study was to perform a head-to-head comparison of the results of multislice CT and gated SPECT on a regional basis (per vessel distribution territory) in(More)