Douglas Westerlund

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A simple method based on high-performance liquid column chromatography with electro-chemical detection is described for the simultaneous determination of dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in discrete brain regions of rats. The supernatant of a tissue homogenate is injected directly onto a liquid chromatograph, thus(More)
The relationship between the relative absorption and increasing oral doses of amoxycillin and bacampicillin, a prodrug of ampicillin, was studied testing the hypothesis that a saturable transport system for aminopenicillins exists in the human gut. Each drug was given in four different doses in a randomized order to 12 fasting subjects. One group of(More)
The relative bioavailabilities of single oral doses of ampicillin, amoxycillin, and bacampicillin were compared with and without concomitant administration of a six-times higher molar dose of cyclacillin. As the absorption of cyclacillin has been shown to involve a capacity-limited transport system in animals, it was selected as the reference compound for(More)
The chromatographic behavior of an alkyl-diol silica (ADS, 25 x 4 mm I.D.) and a semipermeable surface (SPS, 10 x 10 mm I.D.) supports two types of restricted-access media (RAM), which served as precolumns in column-switching systems for direct injection of large volumes of plasma samples (500 microl), was studied with regard to peak performance, retention(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether concentration-dependent renal clearance of ampicillin and amoxycillin occurs. The drugs were given as single 20 min i.v. infusions in doses ranging from 1.9 to 2.8 g to nine healthy volunteers using a cross-over design. Plasma and urinary concentrations were determined by a selective liquid chromatographic(More)
A column-switching high-performance liquid chromatographic system was applied for the determination of bupivacaine in plasma. A 500-microliter plasma sample was directly introduced onto a C18-alkyl-diol silica (ADS) precolumn separating analytes from proteins and polar endogenous compounds. The fraction containing bupivacaine and ropivacaine (internal(More)
Capillary electrophoresis was combined with highly sensitive microelectrospray-tandem mass spectrometry to simultaneously detect classical small molecule neurotransmitters as well as neuropeptides from discrete regions of the marmoset brain. A mixture of four classical neurotransmitters (glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid, acetylcholine, dopamine) and four(More)
A previously established HPLC system with post-column derivatization for the analysis of artemisinin was coupled to an ADS (alkyl-diol silica) pre-column, allowing direct and repetitive injection of protein-rich fluids such as plasma. The limit of quantitation for 100 microl of plasma was 10 ng/ml (CV=10.5%) while concentrations down to 2 ng/ml could be(More)
A new application of the Boyden chamber method for the measurement of eosinophil migration, without the need of eosinophil isolation, has been developed. A cell suspension containing a mixture of granulocytes, neutrophils to the greater part, was used. The eosinophils were identified by staining their granules with Chromotrope 2R. The method made it(More)