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Environmental DNA for wildlife biology and biodiversity monitoring.
Reliable, verifiable and efficient monitoring of biodiversity via metabarcoding.
TLDR
Compared with standard biodiversity data sets, metabarcoded samples are taxonomically more comprehensive, many times quicker to produce, less reliant on taxonomic expertise and auditable by third parties, which is essential for dispute resolution.
Biodiversity soup: metabarcoding of arthropods for rapid biodiversity assessment and biomonitoring
TLDR
It is demonstrated, for the first time, that metabarcoding allows for the precise estimation of pairwise community dissimilarity (beta diversity) and within-community phylogenetic diversity (alpha diversity), despite the inevitable loss of taxonomic information inherent to metabarcode.
Is beauty in the eye of the beholder?
TLDR
It is shown that male preference for women with a low waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is not culturally universal, as had previously been assumed.
Exploiting sparseness in de novo genome assembly
TLDR
This paper demonstrates that constructing a sparse assembly graph which stores only a small fraction of the observed k- mers as nodes and the links between these nodes allows the de novo assembly of even moderately-sized genomes on a typical laptop computer.
Demographic Threats to the Sustainability of Brazil Nut Exploitation
TLDR
Without management, intensively harvested populations will succumb to a process of senescence and demographic collapse, threatening this cornerstone of the Amazonian extractive economy.
A mixed community of actinomycetes produce multiple antibiotics for the fungus farming ant Acromyrmex octospinosus
TLDR
The results show that a combination of co-evolution and environmental sampling results in the diversity of actinomycete symbionts and antibiotics associated with attine ants.
Parasites of mutualisms
TLDR
It is argued that the persistence of mutualism is best understood by using theories ofspecies coexistence, because each mutualist can be considered a resource for the other, and species coexistence theory explains how multiple taxa can stably partition a resource over multiple generations.
The Competition‐Colonization Trade‐off Is Dead; Long Live the Competition‐Colonization Trade‐off
TLDR
It is suggested that trade‐offs between different stages of colonization could be far more common in nature than a trade‐off between competitive ability and colonization ability, for which the spatial pattern of loss is not important or is less important.
Opportunities for biodiversity gains under the world's largest reforestation programme
TLDR
Focusing on birds and bees in Sichuan Province, it is found that GFGP reforestation results in modest gains and losses of bird diversity, along with major losses of bee diversity.
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