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The plasma membrane sodium-potassium pumps that regulate intracellular sodium in most animal cells have specific, high-affinity receptors for the digitalis glycosides and their aglycones. This has fostered speculation that there is an endogenous ligand. We have purified and structurally identified by mass spectroscopy an endogenous substance from human(More)
Dopamine D2-like receptors play an important role in the pharmacotherapy of psychotic disorders. Molecular and cellular techniques have identified distinct gene products (D2-long, D2-short, D3 and D4) displaying the D2 receptor pharmacology. However, the contribution of each subtype in antipsychotic effects of or their physiological role remain unclear.(More)
Recently, attempts to purify and identify a circulating inhibitor of the sodium pump have been successful. Based on the outcome of mass spectral analysis of purified inhibitor, we raised in rabbits antibodies to conjugates of the commercially available cardenolide ouabain and used them in the development of an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(More)
Addition of synthesized atriopeptin II (AP-2), a 23 amino acid peptide of rat atria, to rat thoracic aorta smooth muscle cells results in the stimulation of cyclic GMP production by the cells. The EC50 for the effect is 81 nM and a 7 fold increase occurs at 10 microM AP-2. Cyclic GMP levels increased within 15 seconds after the addition of AP-2 and were(More)
A factor having digitalis-like characteristics has been isolated from human plasma and its mechanism of action compared with the commonly used cardenolide, ouabain. The purification scheme involved dialysis of human plasma, lyophilization of dialysate, extraction of methanol-soluble components, and flash evaporation, followed by preparative,(More)
A sodium pump inhibitor has been isolated from human plasma and extensively purified. This material, endogenous digitalislike factor, was examined by a variety of mass spectrometric techniques. A low-resolution fast atom bombardment mass spectrometric analysis of a sample of purified endogenous digitalislike factor revealed a single unique molecular ion in(More)
An endogenous ouabainlike compound (OLC) has been purified from human plasma, and mass spectrometry has shown it to be indistinguishable from plant-derived ouabain. This human OLC was tested for its effects on evoked tension in guinea pig left atria and aortic rings. The tissues were incubated at 37 degrees C in bicarbonate-buffered physiological salt(More)
In previous reports, we described the isolation and characterization of an endogenous digitalislike factor (EDLF). In this report, we describe a unique combination of bioassay and large-scale purification methodology that made possible the purification of sufficient quantities of this inhibitor of Na+,K(+)-ATPase for structural analysis. Using an initial(More)