Douglas W Blayney

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Compared with conventional chemotherapy, use of liposomes loaded with therapeutic agents is less toxic and more effective in experimental tumours in vivo. We have assessed efficacy and toxicity of liposomal daunorubicin (40 mg/m2 every 2 weeks) in 25 patients with HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma of poor prognosis. In 24 evaluable patients, there were 2(More)
Substantial inequalities exist in cancer survival rates across countries. In addition to prevention of new cancers by reduction of risk factors, strategies are needed to close the gap between developed and developing countries in cancer survival and the effects of the disease on human suffering. We challenge the public health community's assumption that(More)
In-vivo fluorine-19 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMRS) allows non-invasive, real-time, chemical identification of specific fluorinated compounds inside human tumours after administration of fluorouracil (5-fluorouracil). Kinetic measures of the administered drug and metabolites allow estimation of the tumoral half-life of fluorouracil. We(More)
Breast cancer and its treatments are associated with mild cognitive impairment and brain changes that could indicate an altered or accelerated brain aging process. We applied diffusion tensor imaging and graph theory to measure white matter organization and connectivity in 34 breast cancer survivors compared with 36 matched healthy female controls. We also(More)
Sera of family members of patients from the United States, the Caribbean, and Japan, with human T cell lymphoma-leukemia virus (HTLV) associated T cell malignancies, possess HTLV-specific antibodies directed against internal structural components of HTLV, p24 and p19. The prevalence of antibodies to HTLV is greater in family members than in random healthy(More)
The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is characterized by T-lymphocyte dysfunction and is frequently accompanied by opportunistic infections and Kaposi's sarcoma. Human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV) is associated with T-cell malignancies and can transform T lymphocytes in vitro. In an attempt to find evidence of HTLV infection in patients with AIDS,(More)
Kaposi sarcoma and malignant lymphoma were successfully imaged with high purity liposomes containing indium-111 in two patients with AIDS. Gamma camera images of the patient with Kaposi sarcoma showed four discrete lesions along the left foot and calf with no foci along the right foot, and no uptake into clinically enlarged but non-neoplastic lymph nodes.(More)
To determine whether the human T-cell lymphoma-leukemia virus (HTLV) is associated with particular cancers, patient sera were surveyed for HTLV-specific antibodies. An association was seen with aggressive cancers of mature T-cells, specifically Japanese adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and T-cell lymphosarcoma cell leukemia (TLCL), a similar cancer of Caribbean(More)
INTRODUCTION National initiatives to develop quality metrics emphasize the need to include patient-centered outcomes. Patient-centered outcomes are complex, require documentation of patient communications, and have not been routinely collected by healthcare providers. The widespread implementation of electronic medical records (EHR) offers opportunities to(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at higher risk of haematological malignancies (HMs) than the general population. Most reports have focused on HM diagnosed after SLE, and have excluded concurrent and preceding diagnoses. Information on response to therapy is also limited. METHODS We identified 13 296 cases of HM and 10 539(More)