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The affinities of olanzapine, clozapine, haloperidol, and four potential antipsychotics were compared on binding to the neuronal receptors of a number of neurotransmitters. In both rat tissues and cell lines transfected with human receptors olanzapine had high affinity for dopamine D1, D2, D4, serotonin (5HT)2A, 5HT2C, 5HT3, alpha 1-adrenergic, histamine(More)
The blockade of serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) transporters in vitro and in vivo by the dual 5-HT/NE reuptake inhibitors duloxetine and venlafaxine was compared. Duloxetine inhibited binding to the human NE and 5-HT transporters with K(i) values of 7.5 and 0.8 nM, respectively, and with a K(i) ratio of 9. Venlafaxine inhibited binding to the human(More)
In this review, we describe the evolutionary process involved in the discovery of the selective 5-HT uptake inhibitor, fluoxetine, and summarize some of the large body of scientific research performed on fluoxetine in the 20 years since the first publication. The historical background of the proposed involvement of 5-HT in psychiatric disorders and the(More)
To understand the mechanism of the clinical efficacy of olanzapine and fluoxetine combination therapy for treatment-resistant depression (TRD), we studied the effects of olanzapine and other antipsychotics in combination with the selective serotonin uptake inhibitors fluoxetine or sertraline on neurotransmitter release in rat prefrontal cortex (PFC) using(More)
LY248686 is an inhibitor of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) uptake in synaptosomal preparations of hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, and 5-HT uptake in human blood platelets, with inhibitor constants near nanomolar concentrations. Upon administration to rats 1 hour before sacrifice, LY248686 caused dose-dependent and parallel(More)
LY135252, (+/-)-N-methyl-gamma-(2-methylphenoxy) phenylpropylamine hydrochloride, is a competitive inhibitor of norepinephrine uptake in synaptosomes of rat hypothalamus. The resolved optical (-)-isomer, LY139603, is 2 and 9 times more effective than the racemate and the (+)-isomer, LY139602, with inhibitor constants (Ki) of 1.9, 3.4 and 16.8 nM,(More)
The new antidepressant drugs, fluoxetine (and its enantiomers), citalopram, indalpine, paroxetine, and femoxetine show relatively weak affinities for 5-HT receptors as measured by radioligand binding to 5-HT-1(A,B,C and D), 5-HT-2, and 5-HT-3 subtypes. Fluoxetine and R(-)-fluoxetine, at near micromolar concentrations, inhibit 3H-mesulergine binding to(More)
Xanomeline [3(3-hexyloxy-1,2,5-thiadiazol-4-yl)-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1- methylpyridine] has been evaluated as a muscarinic receptor agonist. In vitro, xanomeline had high affinity for muscarinic receptors in brain homogenates, but had substantially less or no affinity for a number of other neurotransmitter receptors and uptake sites. In cells stably(More)
Duloxetine (LY248686, [+]-N-methyl-3-(1-napthalenyloxy)-2-thiophene-propanamine) is a potent dual inhibitor of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) uptake in hypothalamus and cerebral cortex of rat brain (Wong et al. 1993; Fuller et al. 1994). Consistent with the dual mechanisms of inhibiting 5-HT and NE uptake, duloxetine at 15(More)