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PURPOSE It is not known whether motor and sensory pathways associated with a missing or denervated limb remain functionally intact over periods of many months or years after amputation or chronic peripheral nerve transection injury. We examined the extent to which activity on chronically severed motor nerve fibers could be controlled by human amputees and(More)
Bone loss due to thermonecrosis may weaken the purchase of surgically placed screws and pins, causing them to loosen post-operatively. The goal of this study was to determine how differences in applied drilling forces affect the temperature of cortical tissue near the drilling site. Results from thermocouples placed into fresh cortical bone indicate that(More)
A rhesus monkey was trained to perform individuated and combined finger flexions of the thumb, index, and middle finger. Nine implantable myoelectric sensors (IMES) were then surgically implanted into the finger muscles of the monkey's forearm, without any adverse effects over two years postimplantation. Using an inductive link, EMG was wirelessly recorded(More)
Color duplex scanning is a relatively new noninvasive vascular test combining ultrasound, Doppler recording, and color. It has numerous documented applications to various other subspecialties but only recently has been used in upper-extremity and microvascular surgery. It is quite useful in evaluating masses, perfusion abnormalities, trauma, and aberrant or(More)
Trans-radial amputee subjects were implanted with intrafascicular electrodes in the stumps of the median and ulnar nerves. Electrical stimulation through these electrodes was used to provide sensations of touch and finger position referred to the amputated hand. Two subjects were asked to identify different objects as to size and stiffness by manipulating(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the behavior of ganglia of the hand and wrist in young children treated without surgery. Fourteen consecutive children, less than 10 years of age, who presented with cysts of the hand and wrist were followed up by a single surgeon. The average age of the patient at the time of diagnosis was 38 months (range, 2 months(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the good results that are usually reported after fixation at the sites of olecranon fractures and osteotomies, problems such as loss of fixation, nonunion, and the need for revision surgery are still encountered. Various types of fixation have been recommended, but few have been evaluated with use of clinically relevant cyclic load(More)
The biomechanics of the reconstructed flexor retinacular pulley system are poorly defined. We used a mathematical theoretical model, confirmed by a cadaver model, and a clinical radiographic model to evaluate a variety of different joint and pulley combinations. We examined twenty-four sets of radiographs of 12 fingers in 9 patients for whom excursion was(More)