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PURPOSE It is not known whether motor and sensory pathways associated with a missing or denervated limb remain functionally intact over periods of many months or years after amputation or chronic peripheral nerve transection injury. We examined the extent to which activity on chronically severed motor nerve fibers could be controlled by human amputees and(More)
A rhesus monkey was trained to perform individuated and combined finger flexions of the thumb, index, and middle finger. Nine implantable myoelectric sensors (IMES) were then surgically implanted into the finger muscles of the monkey's forearm, without any adverse effects over two years postimplantation. Using an inductive link, EMG was wirelessly recorded(More)
Bone loss due to thermonecrosis may weaken the purchase of surgically placed screws and pins, causing them to loosen post-operatively. The goal of this study was to determine how differences in applied drilling forces affect the temperature of cortical tissue near the drilling site. Results from thermocouples placed into fresh cortical bone indicate that(More)
Trans-radial amputee subjects were implanted with intrafascicular electrodes in the stumps of the median and ulnar nerves. Electrical stimulation through these electrodes was used to provide sensations of touch and finger position referred to the amputated hand. Two subjects were asked to identify different objects as to size and stiffness by manipulating(More)
Peripheral nerve interfaces that can record from and stimulate large numbers of different nerve fibers selectively and independently may help restore intuitive and effective motor and sensory function after hand amputation. To this end, and extending previous work in two subjects, two 100-electrode Utah Slanted Electrode Arrays (USEAs) were implanted for(More)
We trained a rhesus monkey to perform randomly cued, individuated finger flexions of the thumb, index, and middle finger. Nine Implantable MyoElectric Sensors (IMES) were then surgically implanted into the finger muscles of the monkey's forearm, without any observable adverse chronic effects. Using an inductive link, we wirelessly recorded EMG from the IMES(More)
PURPOSE To assess the distance between the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) and a distally and ulnarly directed guide pin for placement of a cortical button to reattach a distal biceps tendon. METHODS We used 10 fresh frozen cadaveric upper limbs without deformities and identified the PIN through a dorsal approach. We performed a single incision(More)
BACKGROUND Grip lock is a high bar injury in male gymnastics and occurs while the gymnast is rotating around the high bar. Its mechanism and treatment have been poorly documented. STUDY DESIGN Case reports. RESULTS One gymnast sustained an extensor tendon injury and ulnar styloid fracture and was treated nonoperatively. The second gymnast sustained open(More)
OBJECTIVE An important goal of neuroprosthetic research is to establish bidirectional communication between the user and new prosthetic limbs that are capable of controlling >20 different movements. One strategy for achieving this goal is to interface the prosthetic limb directly with efferent and afferent fibres in the peripheral nervous system using an(More)