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Addition of the weak base ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) or the proton pump inhibitor bafilomycin A1 to cultured HeLa and LS 174T cells effectively neutralized the pH gradient of the secretory pathway. This resulted in relocalization of the three studied glycosyltransferases, N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 2, beta1,2 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I, and(More)
We report gene transfer to the Edinburgh insertional mutant mouse (cf/cf), delivering CFTR cDNA-liposome complexes into the airways by nebulization. We show full restoration of cAMP related chloride responses in some animals and demonstrate, in the same tissues, human CFTR cDNA expression. Overall, a range of correction was seen with restoration of about(More)
Two important issues that can be addressed by animal models are disease pathogenesis and the testing of new treatments, including gene therapy. How closely these models mimic the relevant disorder in humans will determine their usefulness. This study examines how closely the characteristic bioelectric features of cystic fibrosis (CF) are reproduced in the(More)
The effects of purified rhamnolipids from Pseudomonas aeruginosa on short circuit current in respiratory epithelium have been studied in sheep tracheal epithelium mounted in Ussing chambers under short circuit conditions. In low concentrations (100 microM) mucosal addition of rhamnolipids produces a decrease in short circuit current of 22% and in(More)
This study aimed to assess the suitability of sheep tracheal epithelium as a model for studies of human airway ion transport. Ovine and human airway epithelium were mounted in Ussing chambers under short circuit conditions. Bumetanide (100 microM) reduced short-circuit current (Isc) by a mean of 21.3% +/- SEM 2.0, n = 8, in sheep, and 30.4% +/- 9.7, n = 3,(More)
Within a distributed system, resources may be shared between nodes. The system should continue to operate eveni fi ndividual nodes fail due to hardware or software errors. This may result in the loss of resources that were hosted on the failed node, but it may be possible to continue to provide access to some resources by hosting them on another node. This(More)
A method based on the piezoelectric quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technique for in vitro real-time characterization of cell attachment and spreading on surfaces has been developed. The method simultaneously measures the resonant frequency, f, and the dissipation energy, D, of the oscillating system. The QCM responses are sensitive to very small amounts(More)
1. Sodium absorption is the dominant ion transport process in conducting airways and is a major factor regulating the composition of airway surface liquid. However, little is known about the control of airway sodium transport by intracellular regulatory pathways. 2. In sheep tracheae and human bronchi mounted in Ussing chambers under short circuit(More)
Hamster tracheal epithelial cell cultures were used to investigate muscarinic regulation of high-molecular-weight glycoconjugate (HMWG) secretion by airway goblet cells. HMWG were radiolabeled with N-acetyl-D-[1-(3)H]glucosamine, precipitated with trichloroacetic acid and phosphotungstic acid, and counted by liquid scintillation. Carbachol (100 microM)(More)