Learn More
Poorly healing mandibular fractures and osteotomies can be troublesome complications of craniomaxillofacial trauma and reconstructive surgery. Gene therapy may offer ways of enhancing bone formation by altering the expression of desired growth factors and extracellular matrix molecules. The elucidation of suitable candidate genes for therapeutic(More)
Distraction osteogenesis is a powerful technique capable of generating viable osseous tissue by the gradual separation of osteotomized bone edges. Although the histologic and ultrastructural changes associated with this process have been extensively delineated, the molecular events governing these changes remain essentially unknown. We have devised a rat(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated the critical role of angiogenesis for successful osteogenesis during endochondral ossification and fracture repair. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent endothelial cell-specific cytokine, has been shown to be mitogenic and chemotactic for endothelial cells in vitro and angiogenic in many in vivo models.(More)
Vascular disruption secondary to fracture creates a hypoxic gradient of injury wherein the oxygen tension at the center of the wound is very low. In vivo this hypoxic microenvironment stimulates the expression of a variety of cytokines from inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and osteoblasts. In order to begin to dissect this complex system,(More)
Vascular disruption secondary to fracture leads to a hypoxic zone of injury where the oxygen tension at the center of the wound is quite low. In this dynamic microenvironment, a number of growth factors are elaborated to stimulate the synthetic processes of fracture repair. Previously the authors have shown the hypoxia-induced increase of vascular(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels, is crucial to the process of fracture healing. Vascular disruption after osseous injury results in an acidic, hypoxic wound environment. We have previously shown that osteoblasts can produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in response to a variety of stimuli. In this study we examined pH and(More)
Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors of childhood that can lead to disfigurement and/or life-threatening consequences. The pathogenesis of hemangioma formation is likely to involve increased angiogenesis. Basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor are cytokines that stimulate angiogenesis in multiple in vivo and in vitro models.(More)
A number of studies have demonstrated the critical role of angiogenesis for successful wound repair in the surgical patient. Vascular disruption from tissue injury due to trauma or surgery leads to a hypoxic zone in the healing wound. In this dynamic process, angiogenesis is vital for the delivery of oxygen, nutrients, and growth factors necessary to(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for the increased delivery of oxygen and nutrients required for the reparative processes of bone healing. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic growth factor, has been implicated in this process. We have previously shown that hypoxia specifically and potently regulates the expression of VEGF by osteoblasts.(More)
Normal bone growth and repair is dependent on angiogenesis. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have all been implicated in the related processes of angiogenesis, growth, development, and repair. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between(More)