Douglas S. Steinbrech

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Keloids represent a dysregulated response to cutaneous wounding that results in an excessive deposition of extracellular matrix, especially collagen. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating this pathologic collagen deposition still remain to be elucidated. A previous study by this group demonstrated that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 and(More)
Angiogenesis is essential to both normal and pathological bone physiology. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been implicated in angiogenesis, whereas transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) modulates bone differentiation, matrix formation, and cytokine expression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between(More)
Normal bone growth and repair is dependent on angiogenesis. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have all been implicated in the related processes of angiogenesis, growth, development, and repair. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for the increased delivery of oxygen and nutrients required for the reparative processes of bone healing. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic growth factor, has been implicated in this process. We have previously shown that hypoxia specifically and potently regulates the expression of VEGF by osteoblasts.(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels, is crucial to the process of fracture healing. Vascular disruption after osseous injury results in an acidic, hypoxic wound environment. We have previously shown that osteoblasts can produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in response to a variety of stimuli. In this study we examined pH and(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated the critical role of angiogenesis for successful osteogenesis during endochondral ossification and fracture repair. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent endothelial cell-specific cytokine, has been shown to be mitogenic and chemotactic for endothelial cells in vitro and angiogenic in many in vivo models.(More)
Poorly healing mandibular fractures and osteotomies can be troublesome complications of craniomaxillofacial trauma and reconstructive surgery. Gene therapy may offer ways of enhancing bone formation by altering the expression of desired growth factors and extracellular matrix molecules. The elucidation of suitable candidate genes for therapeutic(More)
The well-described detrimental effects of ionizing radiation on the regeneration of bone within a fracture site include decreased osteocyte number, suppressed osteoblast activity, and diminished vascularity. However, the biologic mechanisms underlying osteoradionecrosis and the impaired fracture healing of irradiated bone remain undefined. Ionizing(More)
Vascular disruption secondary to fracture creates a hypoxic gradient of injury wherein the oxygen tension at the center of the wound is very low. In vivo this hypoxic microenvironment stimulates the expression of a variety of cytokines from inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and osteoblasts. In order to begin to dissect this complex system,(More)
Distraction osteogenesis is a powerful technique capable of generating viable osseous tissue by the gradual separation of osteotomized bone edges. Although the histologic and ultrastructural changes associated with this process have been extensively delineated, the molecular events governing these changes remain essentially unknown. We have devised a rat(More)