Douglas S Richardson

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Biological specimens are intrinsically three dimensional; however, because of the obscuring effects of light scatter, imaging deep into a tissue volume is problematic. Although efforts to eliminate the scatter by "clearing" the tissue have been ongoing for over a century, there have been a large number of recent innovations. This Review introduces the(More)
The clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, is an endangered semiarboreal felid with a wide distribution in tropical forests of southern and southeast Asia, including the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in the Indonesian archipelago. In common with many larger animal species, it displays morphological variation within its wide geographical range and is currently(More)
OBJECTIVES This report describes the extent of deregionalization of neonatal intensive care in urban areas of the United States in the 1980s and 1990s and the factors associated with it. METHODS We conducted a 15-year retrospective analysis of secondary data from US metropolitan statistical areas. Primary outcome measures are number of neonatal intensive(More)
RET is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) with roles in cell growth, differentiation and survival. Ligand-induced activation of RET results in stimulation of multiple signal transduction pathways, including the MAP kinase/Erk and PI3 kinase/Akt pathways. However, the mechanisms governing receptor internalization and signal down- regulation have not been(More)
Mutations in the human APC gene are associated with an inherited predisposition to colon cancer. APC codes for polypeptides of approximately 2800 amino acids, with sequence homologies to coiled-coil proteins in the first 900 residues. To determine the oligomerization properties of the APC protein, we used genetic and biochemical approaches to examine the(More)
Mutations to the RET proto-oncogene occur in as many as one in three cases of thyroid cancer and have been detected in both the medullary (MTC) and the papillary (PTC) forms of the disease. Of the nearly 400 chromosomal rearrangements resulting in oncogenic fusion proteins that have been identified to date, the rearrangements that give rise to RET fusion(More)
Almost 20% of colon cancers are characterized by genomic instability at simple repeated sequences. This instability is the result of a deficient DNA mismatch repair system. Sporadic, as well as hereditary carcinomas of the proximal colon display this effect. In this study, we examined colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines, with or without wild-type(More)
Internalization and intracellular trafficking of membrane proteins are now recognized as essential mechanisms that contribute to a number of cellular processes. Current methods lack the ability to specifically label the plasma membrane of a live cell, follow internalization of labeled membrane molecules, and conclusively differentiate newly formed(More)
The RET receptor tyrosine kinase has essential roles in cell survival, differentiation, and proliferation. Oncogenic activation of RET causes the cancer syndrome multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) and is a frequent event in sporadic thyroid carcinomas. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying RET's potent transforming and mitogenic signals are(More)
CONTEXT The RET receptor tyrosine kinase is an important mediator of several human diseases, most notably of neuroendocrine cancers. These diseases are characterized by aberrant cell migration, a process tightly regulated by integrins. OBJECTIVE Our goals were to investigate the role of integrins in RET-mediated migration in two neoplastic cell models:(More)