Douglas S Palmer

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In 1999, the UK implemented universal leucoreduction as a precaution against transmission of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease by transfusion of domestic blood or red blood cells. We aimed to assess how effectively leucoreduction reduced infectivity of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) in blood. 450 mL of whole blood collected and pooled from(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoglobulin A (IgA)-deficient patients with anti-IgA (Ab) require transfusions using blood components with less than 0.05 mg IgA/dL as they are known to be safe for these patients. Identification of severely IgA-deficient (IgA SD) donors involved preliminary screening by the Ouchterlony double immunodiffusion assay followed by confirmatory(More)
The vasopressin analogue 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) causes an immediate, transient rise in plasma levels of von Willebrand factor (vWF) after its administration. Although it is recognized that vascular endothelial cells play an essential role in this process, the molecular basis of the response is not understood. We have investigated the(More)
Endothelial cells (ECs) synthesize and release von Willebrand factor (vWf) either constitutively or from Weibel-Palade bodies by a regulated pathway. Although stimulated release of vWf from ECs occurs following exposure to thrombin, histamine, interleukin, tissue necrosis factor and fibrin in vitro, these agents are unlikely to be present in physiologically(More)
The performance of an automated device, the Gambro TRIMA, was evaluated for component production, and an in vivo assessment of the platelets was carried out. Red cell concentrates (RCCs), platelets and plasma were collected and stored according to standard blood bank procedures and evaluated for quality by in vitro measurements. Additionally, single-donor(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet transfusions are frequently accompanied by febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions. These may be due, in part, to the release of cytokines interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) by white cells (WBCs) into the plasma during storage of platelet concentrates(More)
We have previously shown that although DDAVP (1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin), a synthetic analogue of the natural hormone arginine vasopressin, does not directly promote release of vWf from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs), enhanced release does occur when ECs were exposed to either monocytes or to supernatants recovered from DDAVP-treated(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoglobulin A (IgA)-deficient patients with antibodies to IgA require transfusions with IgA-deficient blood components to either avoid or reduce the frequency of serious adverse reactions. To supply compatible blood components for these individuals, the Canadian Blood Services (CBS) National Testing Laboratory must initially screen and(More)
Factor VIII and von Willebrand factor are two plasma proteins essential for effective hemostasis. In vivo, they form a non-covalent complex whose association appears to be metal ion dependent. However, a precise definition of the nature of the molecular forces governing their association remains to be defined, as does their binding affinity. In this paper(More)