Douglas R. Morton

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In this study we implemented a comprehensive analysis to validate the MODIS and GOES satellite active fire detection products (MOD14 and WFABBA, respectively) and characterize their major sources of omission and commission errors which have important implications for a large community of fire data users. Our analyses were primarily based on the use of 30 m(More)
The chemical structure of prostaglandin X, the anti-aggregatory substance derived from prostaglandin endoperoxides, is 9-deoxy-6, 6alpha-epoxy-delta5-PGF1alpha. The stable compound formed when prostaglandin X undergoes a chemical transformation in biological systems in 6-keto-PGF1alpha. Prostaglandin X is stabilized in aqueous preparations by raising the pH(More)
Several prostaglandin D (PGD) analogues have been synthesized, incorporating the following variations: (a) varying degrees of side-chain unsaturation, (b) C-9 hydroxy removed or in the unnatural 9 beta configuration, (c) metabolically stabilized analogues (e.g., 15-methyl, 16,16-dimethyl, 17-phenyl, etc.), and (d) delta 12 isomers resulting from(More)
Allergic pulmonary reactions in vivo lead to airway constriction and mucous secretion, whereas in vitro lung anaphylaxis lead to mediator release and increased mucous glycoprotein secretion from cultured human airways. Using quantitation of radiolabeled mucous glycoprotein from cultured airways as a model for mucous release, the effects of two leukotrienes,(More)
Acetyl glyceryl ether phosphorylcholine (AGEPC) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) induce concentration-dependent neutrophil aggregation. On a molar basis, LTB4 is approximately 10 to 100 times more potent than AGEPC. AGEPC-induced aggregation is attenuated by two inhibitors of arachidonate lipoxygenation, eicosatetraynoic acid and nordihydroguaiaretic acid, and to(More)
Human erythrocytes transformed leukotriene A4 into leukotriene B4. Metabolism was proportional to the erythrocyte concentration, even at subphysiological levels (0.08-4 X 10(9) erythrocytes/ml). Comparative metabolic studies excluded the possibility that leukotriene B4 originated from trace amounts of polymorphonuclear leukocytes or platelets present in the(More)
The chemotactic response of feline polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) to three types of chemoattractants was studied. Feline PMNs responded to leukotriene B4 as well as to agarose-activated autologous and homologous serum. However, no response was obtained to N-formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (FMLP), and four similar peptides that activate the FMLP(More)
Both LTB4 and AGEPC stimulate PMN aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. The lipoxygenase inhibitors ETYA and NDGA block AGEPC-induced but not LTB4-induced PMN aggregation. Agents that elevate PMN cyclic AMP levels block both LTB4-and AGEPC-induced aggregation. Paradoxically, shortly after aggregation is initiated by either AGEPC or LTB4, a(More)