Douglas R. Johnson

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Entertainment software developers face significant challenges in designing games with broad appeal. One of the challenges concerns creating lifelike nonplayer characters that can adapt their behavior in light of the current and prospective situation. This adaptation should be inherently novel, unrepeatable, yet within the bounds of realism. Evolutionary(More)
The race and sex of the human skull can be determined by craniometry. In this paper we suggest that a large number of craniometric measurements does not necessarily give the best possible discrimination for race and test the performance of subsets of variables drawn from various skull regions, or extracted mathematically on the basis of their discriminatory(More)
Recent work in the real options approach to investment has argued that firms face significant opportunity costs when entry costs are largely irreversible, and these costs equal the value of an option to defer investment. This study seeks to examine empirically these claims by investigating the interactive effects of uncertainty and irreversibility on the(More)
A frameless stereotactic device interfacing an electromagnetic three-dimensional (3-D) digitizer to a computer workstation is described. The patient-image coordinate transformation was found by retrospectively registering a digitizer-derived model of the patient's scalp with a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived model of the same surface. This procedure(More)
Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses are applied to a number of cranial dimensions and angles from living hominoids in order to investigate the patterns of sexual dimorphism in these groups. Clear differences in patterns of cranial sexual dimorphisms are demonstrated not only between genera but also within a single species (Homo). These(More)
Entertainment software developers face significant challenges in designing games with broad appeal. One of the challenges concerns creating nonplayer (computer-controlled) characters that can adapt their behavior in light of the current and prospective situation, possibly emulating human behaviors. This adaptation should be inherently novel, unrepeatable,(More)
A 28-year-old woman presented with left-sided frontotemporal headache lasting 6 wk. Head CT and MR imaging revealed a clival mass, which was interpreted as a chondrosarcoma. The lesion was removed at endoscopic endonasal surgery; histologic and immunohistochemical findings proved it to be neurenteric cyst. On CT scans, the lesion was lytic, with an intact(More)
The pattern of variation of certain vertebral measurements along the vertebral column is known to differ in man and mouse. This paper investigates changes in this pattern in 7 species of small mammals and attempts to correlate them with locomotor adaptations and limb dimensions.
In this paper we examine metamerism in the vertebral column of certain mammals from the perspectives of development and adaptation. To this end we examine the patterns of metameric variation of dimensions of the neural (vertebral) canal, vertebral body and spinous process in man and inbred strains of mice. The data from inbred strains of mice indicate that(More)
This study examines the pattern of facial bone growth remodelling in the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys) by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of high-accuracy replicas. The efficacy of the technique is appraised by SEM interpretations of facial remodelling in the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) and correlative histological examination. The(More)
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