Douglas R Dougan

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The activity of the c-Kit receptor protein-tyrosine kinase is tightly regulated in normal cells, whereas deregulated c-Kit kinase activity is implicated in the pathogenesis of human cancers. The c-Kit juxtamembrane region is known to have an autoinhibitory function; however the precise mechanism by which c-Kit is maintained in an autoinhibited state is not(More)
Modulation of the acetylation state of histones plays a pivotal role in the regulation of gene expression. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from lysines near the N termini of histones. This reaction promotes the condensation of chromatin, leading to repression of transcription. HDAC deregulation has been linked to several(More)
Farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase (FPPS) synthesizes farnesyl pyrophosphate through successive condensations of isopentyl pyrophosphate with dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and geranyl pyrophosphate. Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate drugs used to treat osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and tumor-induced hypercalcemia are potent inhibitors of the enzyme.(More)
Siderophore binding proteins play a key role in the uptake of iron in many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. FhuD is a soluble periplasmic binding protein that transports ferrichrome and other hydroxamate siderophores. The crystal structure of FhuD from Escherichia coli in complex with the ferrichrome homolog gallichrome has been determined at 1.9 ¿(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta) inhibition is expected to be a promising therapeutic approach for treating Alzheimer's disease. Previously we reported a series of 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives as potent and highly selective GSK-3beta inhibitors, however, the representative compounds 1a,b showed poor pharmacokinetic profiles. Efforts were made to(More)
The periplasmic iron binding protein of pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria performs an essential role in iron acquisition from transferrin and other iron sources. Structural analysis of this protein from Haemophilus influenzae identified four amino acids that ligand the bound iron: His(9), Glu(57), Tyr(195), and Tyr(196). A phosphate provides an additional(More)
A novel 5-phenylamino-8-methylpyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-4,7(3H,8H)-dione series of MEK inhibitors has been developed using structure-based drug design. Lead optimization of this series led to the discovery of TAK-733. This was advanced to Phase I clinical studies for cancer treatment.
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is implicated in abnormal hyperphosphorylation of tau protein and its inhibitors are expected to be a promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Here we report design, synthesis and structure-activity relationships of a novel series of oxadiazole derivatives as GSK-3beta inhibitors.(More)
UDP-N-acetylmuramic acid:L-alanine ligase (MurC) catalyzes the addition of the first amino acid to the cytoplasmic precursor of the bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan. The crystal structures of Haemophilus influenzae MurC in complex with its substrate UDP-N-acetylmuramic acid (UNAM) and Mg(2+) and of a fully assembled MurC complex with its product(More)
Pasteurellosis caused by the Gram-negative pathogen Pasteurella haemolytica is a serious disease leading to death in cattle. To scavenge growth-limiting iron from the host, the pathogen utilizes the periplasmic ferric ion-binding protein A (PhFbpA) as a component of an ATP-binding cassette transport pathway. We report the 1.2-A structure of the iron-free(More)