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Contamination of food by Listeria monocytogenes is thought to occur most frequently in food-processing environments where cells persist due to their ability to attach to stainless steel and other surfaces. Once attached these cells may produce multicellular biofilms that are resistant to disinfection and from which cells can become detached and contaminate(More)
We developed and tested a glass-based microarray suitable for detecting multiple tetracycline (tet) resistance genes. Microarray probes for 17 tet genes, the beta-lactamase bla(TEM-1) gene, and a 16S ribosomal DNA gene (Escherichia coli) were generated from known controls by PCR. The resulting products (ca. 550 bp) were applied as spots onto(More)
Developmental changes in contractile behavior are known to occur during fetal and postnatal heart development. In this study, we examined whether adaptations take place in titin. A range of species was used to evaluate titin isoform expression and altered function during cardiac muscle development. A novel titin exon microarray that allows all 363 titin(More)
Sepsis remains a serious clinical problem despite intense efforts to improve survival. Experimental animal models of sepsis have responded dramatically to immunotherapy blocking the activity of cytokines. Despite these preclinical successes, human clinical trials have not demonstrated any improvement in survival. We directly compared the mortality,(More)
The relative concentration of pathogens in water samples collected from storm drains and adjacent surfaces was evaluated using established PCR-based protocols. Out of the 58 samples collected from 21 different storm drains, 22% were PCR positive for Escherichia coli ETEC, Salmonella, or adenovirus. The risk of swimming related illnesses associated with(More)
Serotyping is a universally accepted subtyping method for Listeria monocytogenes. Identification of the strain serotype permits differentiation between important food-borne strains (1/2a, 1/2b, and 4b) and provides a "gold standard" for comparing isolates analyzed in different labs and with different techniques. Although an efficient enzyme-linked(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus harbours two distinct type III secretion systems (T3SS1 and T3SS2). A subset of 10 T3SS1 genes are transcribed when V. parahaemolyticus is grown in tissue culture medium [Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)], while transcription of these genes (except exsD) is minimal upon growth in Luria-Bertani-Salt (LB-S). Transcription of(More)
We coupled multiplex PCR and a DNA microarray to construct an assay suitable for the simultaneous detection of five important marine fish pathogens (Vibrio vulnificus, Listonella anguillarum, Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae, Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus). The array was composed of nine short oligonucleotide(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus harbors two type III secretion systems (T3SSs; T3SS1 and T3SS2), of which T3SS1 is involved in host cell cytotoxicity. T3SS1 expression is positively regulated by ExsA, and it is negatively regulated by ExsD. We compared the secretion profiles of a wild-type strain (NY-4) of V. parahaemolyticus with those of an ExsD deletion mutant(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus pandemic serotype O3 : K6 causes acute gastroenteritis, wound infections and septicaemia in humans. This organism encodes two type III secretion systems (T3SS1 and T3SS2); host-cell cytotoxicity has been attributed to T3SS1. Synthesis and secretion of T3SS1 proteins is positively regulated by ExsA, which is presumptively regulated by(More)