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Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease results in >19 million deaths annually, and coronary heart disease accounts for the majority of this toll. Despite major advances in treatment of coronary heart disease patients, a large number of victims of the disease who are apparently healthy die suddenly without prior symptoms. Available screening and diagnostic(More)
The incidence and clinical predictors of amiodarone pulmonary toxicity were examined in 573 patients treated with amiodarone for recurrent ventricular (456 patients) or supraventricular (117 patients) tachyarrhythmias. Amiodarone pulmonary toxicity was diagnosed in 33 of the 573 patients (5.8%), based on symptoms and new chest radiographic abnormalities (32(More)
The members of the Task Force on Sudden Death dedicate this paper to the memory of our former friend and colleague, Professor Ronald W. F. Campbell. Ronnie spent his life working in the field of sudden cardiac death; he contributed much and helped many. But his own life fell victim to this very problem, sadly illustrating its unexpected nature. With(More)
516 S udden cardiac death (SCD) remains a high priority public health problem necessitating a multi-pronged approach for treatment and prevention. Tachyarrhythmic sudden cardiac death (SCD-VT/VF; ie, death attributable to potentially reversible ventricular tachyarrhythmias [ventricular tachy-cardia (VT) or fibrillation (VF)]), is a major cause of SCD.(More)
BACKGROUND Conduction abnormalities serve as a substrate for ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with Brugada syndrome (BS). Signal-averaged electrograms can detect late potentials, but the significance of conduction abnormalities within the QRS complex is still unknown. The latter can present as multiple spikes within the QRS complex (fragmented QRS(More)
BACKGROUND Because efferent autonomic pathways to the right ventricle (RV) differ from the efferent autonomic projections to the left ventricle (LV), we assessed the effects of RV infarction on this innervation. METHODS AND RESULTS We measured the ventricular effective refractory period (ERP) shortening in response to bilateral ansae subclaviae(More)
BACKGROUND Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) has been shown to improve refractory angina not amenable to conventional coronary interventions. However, the mechanism of action remains controversial, because improved myocardial perfusion has not been consistently demonstrated. We hypothesized that TMR relieves angina by causing myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND The safety of electronic control devices (ECDs) has been questioned. The goal of this study was to analyze in detail cases of loss of consciousness associated with ECD deployment. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight cases of TASER X26 ECD-induced loss of consciousness were studied. In each instance, when available, police, medical, and emergency response(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) reduces the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in experimental models. This study investigated the effects of long-term SCS on ventricular function in a postinfarction canine heart failure model. METHODS AND RESULTS In stage 1, dogs underwent implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation and(More)