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Transurethral laser prostatectomy was performed on eight mongrel dogs employing a cylindrically diffusing fiber delivery system and a 1.06 mu Nd:YAG laser. Each dog received 15,000 joules of laser energy delivered to the prostate in one continuous dose of 25 watts for 10 minutes. Gross and histopathologic examinations of serial sections of the prostate were(More)
BACKGROUND Bipolar radiofrequency ablation (BRFA) is a promising technique with which to treat unresectable primary and metastatic liver tumors. Its effects on normal liver tissue and postoperative liver function, however, are unknown. We performed this study to determine (1) the feasibility of using laparoscopic ultrasound to guide placement of BRFA needle(More)
The use of elastography for the visualization of thermal lesions in biological soft tissue in vitro was investigated. Thermal lesions were created in samples of postmortem ovine kidney using a surgical neodymium: YAG (Nd:YAG) laser. The kidney samples were cast in gel, and elastographic images of the lesions were constructed using sonographic information(More)
Extreme arterial vasoconstriction (vasospasm) is a common problem encountered in microvascular surgery. An ideal pharmacologic tool able to counteract ischemia during microsurgery should be easy to apply and exert its action both locally and distally in the microcirculation of the flap. We have compared in vitro and in vivo vascular properties of(More)
The tissue effects of a holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG) laser operating at a wavelength of 2.1 mu with a maximum power of 15 watts (W) and 10 different energy-pulse settings was systematically evaluated on kidney, bladder, prostate, ureteral, and vasal tissue in the dog. In addition, various urologic surgical procedures (partial nephrectomy, transurethral laser(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of 2-octyl cyanoacrylate adhesive (OCA) in the formation of vesicourethral anastomoses. METHODS Open total prostatectomy was performed on 12 mongrel hounds. Of these, 8 had a vesicourethral anastomosis formed using OCA (4 with suture support and 4 sutureless). The remaining four anastomoses were conventionally(More)
Early thrombosis has complicated human stent implantation in several trials. To determine the best anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy to maintain stent patency after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, we implanted the flexible balloon-expandable coil stent into the left anterior descending coronary artery of 28 atherosclerotic 8-month-old(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the hemodynamic effects of the nitric oxide inhibitor, NG-methyl-L-arginine, and dobutamine during experimental endotoxemia. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled animal study. SETTING University research laboratory. SUBJECTS Adult, male mongrel dogs. INTERVENTIONS After catheterization with a flow-directed,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Radiolabeled immunoglobulin therapy (RIT) can be a selective, effective, low-toxicity outpatient cancer therapy. A consensus on the best approach for the preclinical and clinical development of RIT reagents needs to be developed. We report the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center prior experience in translating RIT from laboratory to clinic(More)
Tumour resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs through expression of the multidrug resistance phenotype is a major impediment in the treatment of hepatic malignancies. We performed hepatic arterial infusion of verapamil (at a dose known to block P-glycoprotein activity) and doxorubicin combined with complete hepatic venous isolation and extracorporeal(More)