Douglas M. Bibus

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Crossbred pigs (n = 512) with an average initial BW of 22.1 +/- 0.54 kg were used to evaluate growth performance, carcass characteristics, and pork fat quality of grower-finisher pigs fed corn-soybean meal diets containing increasing content of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). One of 4 dietary treatments was randomly assigned to each pen within(More)
AIMS Pre-treatment with dietary ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFA) has been reported to reduce the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) following cardiac surgery. In a canine cardiac surgery model, we evaluated the impact of dietary ω3-PUFA on atrial electrophysiological properties, inflammatory markers, the atrial endothelin-1 (ET-1)(More)
A study was conducted to determine the quantitative effects of feeding amount and withdrawal period of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) from the diet on growth performance, carcass quality, and pork fat fatty acid profile. A total of 432 pigs (29.8 +/- 0.2 kg of BW) were randomly allotted to 1 of 9 dietary treatments in a completely(More)
Plasma fatty acid composition reflects dietary fatty acids. Whether the total fat content of the diet alters the fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipid, cholesteryl ester, triacylglycerol and free fatty acids is unknown. To evaluate the effects of low versus high fat diets on plasma fatty acids, a 12-wk, randomized, crossover, controlled feeding(More)
Health benefits of n-3 fatty acids are well-established. However, consumption of adequate dietary sources of these fatty acids is inadequate. Oral fish oil supplements are an alternative means of consuming adequate long-chain n-3 fatty acids in individuals who do not consume sufficient dietary sources. However, palatability can present a problem with(More)
Whether a Mediterranean-style diet reduces cardiovascular events and mortality more than a low-fat diet is uncertain. The objectives of this study were to actively compare low-fat and Mediterranean-style diets after first myocardial infarction (MI) in a randomized, controlled clinical trial and to compare dietary intervention per se with usual care in a(More)
To investigate the role mitochondrial membrane lipids play in the actions of calorie restriction (CR), C57BL/6 mice were assigned to four groups (control and three 40% CR groups) and fed diets containing soybean oil (also in the control diet), fish oil, or lard. The fatty acid composition of the major mitochondrial phospholipid classes, proton leak, and(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) has been shown to decrease reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and retard aging in a variety of species. It has been proposed that alterations in membrane saturation are central to these actions of CR. As a step towards testing this theory, mice were assigned to 4 dietary groups (control and 3 CR groups) and fed AIN-93G diets(More)
Our previous works have elucidated that the 12-lipoxygenase pathway is directly implicated in glutamate-induced neural cell death, and that such that toxicity is prevented by nM concentrations of the natural vitamin E alpha-tocotrienol (TCT). In the current study we tested the hypothesis that phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity is sensitive to glutamate(More)
Re-analysis of the North American IgA Nephropathy Study suggested that efficacy of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) was dosage-dependent on the basis of body size and plasma omega-3/omega-6 and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/arachidonic acid (AA) ratios. The objective of this study was to confirm these assertions. Data from a previously(More)