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Neurons in the myenteric plexus of Auerbach of the jejunum, ileum, colon and rectum in 6- and 24-month-old rats have been visualised by an enzyme histochemical method in laminar preparations of the muscularis externa. Neuron somata numbers and sizes were recorded in the preparations. Significant reductions, of at least 40%, in the numbers of neurons in the(More)
Introduction: Lobate debris aprons (LDA) and lineated valley fill (LVF) surrounding plateaus and isolated massifs have been documented in numerous locations in the northern mid-latitudes on Mars [1-8]. While there has been agreement that these features represent Amazonian-aged modification of the dichotomy boundary from ice-assisted debris flows [e.g., 9],(More)
Bile salt export pump (BSEP) inhibition has been proposed to be an important mechanism for drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Modeling can prioritize knowledge gaps concerning bile acid (BA) homeostasis and thus help guide experimentation. A submodel of BA homeostasis in rats and humans was constructed within DILIsym, a mechanistic model of DILI. In vivo(More)
Rats fed either a diet containing 500 ppm (parts per million) Pb (as lead acetate) or an unadulterated control diet for 50 days were offered a 15% ethanol (ETOH) solution in a nonchoice (one-bottle) test situation. The results from this test indicated that Pb-diet animals consumed greater amounts of the ETOH solution than did controls. In a subsequent(More)
The neuron cell bodies and microvessels in sections of the nodose (vagal sensory) ganglion (NG) of Wistar rats of 4- and 24-months of age have been examined morphometrically and by quantitative enzyme histochemistry. The range of neuronal somata areas was similar at the two ages and distributed unimodally, ranging approximately from 200-1500 microns 2 with(More)
Noradrenergic nerves were demonstrated in stretch preparations of Auerbach's plexus and longitudinal muscle from the proximal jejunum of Wistar rats using glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence. The density of the noradrenergic nerve plexus and the number of nerve terminal varicosities/frame area were assessed using a Quantimet 800 image analyser and the(More)
Cadmium (Cd) levels were measured in 13 dissected brain regions of adult male rats from 3 treatment groups. Rats (approximately 200 g each) were each fed 10 g/day of diets containing either 20 or 100 micrograms/g (ppm) Cd or control diet to which no Cd was added but contained approximately 0.35 ppm Cd. After 67 days of treatment, the brain of each rat was(More)
Adult rats fed daily rations of laboratory chow with added CdCl2 were tested for schedule controlled responding and conditioned suppression (conditioned emotional response-CER). Determinations of tissue Cd, levels of metallothionein, and the ratio of Cd in the tissue to the Cd-binding capacity of metallothionein also were made. Animals were exposed daily to(More)