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BACKGROUND Inadequate colonoscopy bowel preparation can lead to increased procedural time, decreased diagnostic yield, and an increased complication rate. Little is known about which patient characteristics may predict poor bowel preparation for routine, average-risk colonoscopy evaluation. METHODS 300 consecutive patients who underwent routine, average(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an idiopathic chronic autoimmune liver disease that primarily affects women. It is believed that the aetiology for PBC is a combination between environmental triggers in genetically vulnerable persons. The diagnosis for PBC is made when two of the three criteria are fulfilled and they are: (1) biochemical evidence of(More)
BACKGROUND There have seen several studies evaluating the efficacy of anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNFα) compared with conventional therapy (i.e. immunomodulators, mesalamine, or placebo) at preventing postoperative Crohn's disease (CD) recurrence. The results of these studies have been variable and the magnitude by which anti-TNFα therapy alters the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS It is not clear whether medical therapy, surgery, or both is the best approach for patients with Crohn's disease who develop an intra-abdominal abscess. METHODS We evaluated data from patients with Crohn's disease who were diagnosed with a radiologically confirmed abdominal abscess (enhancing fluid collection, ≥ 1 cm) from 1999 to 2006(More)
OBJECTIVES Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a very popular bowel preparation for colonoscopy. However, its large volume may reduce patient compliance, resulting in suboptimal preparation. Recently, a combination of Miralax and Gatorade has been studied in various randomized controlled trials (RCTs) as a lower volume and more palatable bowel preparation.(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic, lifelong, and relapsing illnesses, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, which involve the gastrointestinal tract. There is no cure for these diseases, but combined pharmacological and nutritional therapy can induce remission and maintain clinical remission. Malnutrition and nutritional(More)
The clinical, laboratory, and ultrasonographic findings in children receiving L-asparaginase therapy were retrospectively reviewed and correlated to determine the diagnostic reliability and clinical usefulness of serial pancreatic sonograms in detecting L-asparaginase-induced pancreatitis. A total of 217 sonograms were obtained in 92 patients. Six of the 92(More)
BACKGROUND Primary biliary cirrhosis is a cholestatic liver disease characterized by immune-mediated destruction of bile ducts. Its pathogenesis is largely unknown, although complex interactions between environment and genetic predisposition are proposed. AIMS Identify disease risk factors using a detailed patient questionnaire and compare study findings(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The use of computed tomography enterography (CTE) in patients with Crohn's disease has increased. However, there is little data available on how radiologic parameters of active disease change during treatment with infliximab and whether these changes correspond to symptoms, serum biomarkers, or endoscopic appearance. METHODS We performed(More)