Douglas L. Foster

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The pubertal transition to adulthood involves both gonadal and behavioral maturation. A developmental clock, along with permissive signals that provide information on somatic growth, energy balance and season, time the awakening of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons at the onset of puberty. High-frequency GnRH release results from disinhibition(More)
Administration of leptin during undernutrition improves reproductive function, but whether this occurs at the level of the brain, pituitary, or gonads is not yet clear. The present study tested the hypothesis that one important mechanism is the control of pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion. Our approach was to determine if leptin(More)
In the agonadal, androgenized ewe testosterone before birth produces a precocious pubertal rise in circulating LH and abolishes the LH surge mechanism. The present study tested two predictions from this model in the ovary-intact female: 1) prenatal androgen exposure produces early ovarian stimulation; and 2) despite early ovarian stimulation, progestogenic(More)
In many species, the timing of puberty is different in males and females. This does not simply reflect differences in the time course of activation of the testes and ovaries. Rather, sex differences in pubertal onset reside within brain mechanisms controlling GnRH secretion, as exemplified by studies conducted in sheep. Exposure of sheep fetuses to(More)
How nutrition regulates reproductive activity remains a major unsolved question of reproductive biology. Reducing the level of nutrition during adulthood can lead to infertility, primarily through reduction of GnRH secretion. Inquiry about such a mechanism has its roots in the search for cues timing the onset of fertility, because the tempo of sexual(More)
The chronic survival of many endoparasites is dependent on the ability of these organisms to escape the host immune response. Identification of the molecular mechanisms by which these organisms evade this response may yield novel approaches in the development of anti-inflammatory agents. We describe here the discovery and characterization of a novel(More)
Administration of leptin during reduced nutrition improves reproductive activity in several monogastric species and reverses GH suppression in rodents. Whether leptin is a nutritional signal regulating neuroendocrine control of pituitary function in ruminant species is unclear. The present study examined the control of pulsatile LH and GH secretion in(More)