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A significant modification to the additive all-atom CHARMM lipid force field (FF) is developed and applied to phospholipid bilayers with both choline and ethanolamine containing head groups and with both saturated and unsaturated aliphatic chains. Motivated by the current CHARMM lipid FF (C27 and C27r) systematically yielding values of the surface area per(More)
We report a constant pressure and temperature molecular dynamics simulation of a fully hydrated liquid crystal (L alpha) phase bilayer of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine at 50 degrees C and 28 water molecules/lipid. We have shown that the bilayer is stable throughout the 1550-ps simulation and have demonstrated convergence of the system dimensions. Several(More)
The voltage-gated proton channel (Hv1) is homologous to the voltage-sensing domain (VSD) of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels but lacks a separate pore domain. The Hv1 monomer has dual functions: it gates the proton current and also serves as the proton conduction pathway. To gain insight into the structure and dynamics of the yet unresolved proton(More)
We report the results of a constant pressure and temperature molecular dynamics simulation of a gel-phase dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer with nw = 11.8 water molecules/lipid at 19 degrees C. The results of the simulation were compared in detail with a variety of x-ray and neutron diffraction data. The average positions of specific carbon atoms along(More)
We report a 1.4-ns constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulation of cholesterol at 12.5 mol% in a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer at 50 degrees C and compare the results to our previous simulation of a pure DPPC bilayer. The interlamellar spacing was increased by 2.5 A in the cholesterol-containing bilayer, consistent with x-ray diffraction(More)
The SecY/Sec61 translocon complex, located in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane of eukaryotes (Sec61) or the plasma membrane of prokaryotes (SecY), mediates the transmembrane secretion or insertion of nascent proteins. Mutations that permit the secretion of nascent proteins with defective signal sequences (Prl-phenotype), or interfere with the(More)
Voltage-sensing domains (VSDs) of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels undergo a series of conformational changes upon membrane depolarization, from a down state when the channel is at rest to an up state, all of which lead to the opening of the channel pore. The crystal structures reported to date reveal the pore in an open state and the VSDs in an up(More)
The role of water in protein dynamics has been investigated using molecular dynamics simulations of crystals and a dehydrated powder. On the 100 ps time scale, the anharmonic and diffusive motions involved in the protein structural relaxation are correlated with the protein-water hydrogen bond dynamics. The complete structural relaxation of the protein(More)
We have used molecular dynamics simulations to determine the stability in water of a model beta-sheet formed by two alanine dipeptide molecules with two intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the closely spaced antiparallel arrangement. In this paper we describe our computations of the binding free energy of the model sheet and a portion of the free energy(More)