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Neutrophils can attach to E-selectin under flow. Proposed ligands for E-selectin carry SLe(x)-type glycans. The leukocyte beta2 integrins are glycosylated with SLe(x). Thus, we speculated that beta2 integrins could support attachment to E-selectin. To test this hypothesis, we coated 10-microm-diameter microspheres with purified CD11b/CD18 (alphaMbeta2) and(More)
Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium under flow involves an adhesion cascade consisting of multiple receptor pairs that may function in an overlapping fashion. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and L-selectin have been implicated in neutrophil adhesion to P- and E-selectin under flow conditions. To study, in isolation, the interaction of(More)
It has been postulated that endothelial cell adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte recruitment play a role in metastasis. Using an in vitro flow model, we studied the adhesion of the human colon carcinoma cell line KM12-L4 to P-selectin, an inducible endothelial-expressed adhesion molecule involved in leukocyte recruitment. Recombinant forms of(More)
Hyaluronan is a naturally occurring polymer that has enjoyed wide successes in biomedical and cosmetic applications as coatings, matrices, and hydrogels. For controlled delivery applications, formulating native hyaluronan into microspheres could be advantageous but has been difficult to process unless organic solvents are used or hyaluronan has been(More)
Prior to extravasation at sites of acute inflammation, neutrophils roll over activated endothelium. Neutrophil rolling is often characterized by the average rolling velocity. An additional dynamic feature of rolling that has been identified but not extensively studied is the fluctuation in the rolling velocity about the average. To analyze this(More)
Selections mediate transient adhesion of neutrophils to stimulated endothelial cells at sites of inflammation by binding counter-receptors that present carbohydrates such as sialyl Lewis(x). We have developed a cell-free adhesion assay using sialyl Lewis(x)-coated microspheres and E-selection-IgG chimera-coated substrates to investigate the premise that(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alpha4beta1-integrin state of activation on CD4+ T-cell subsets and their adhesive interaction to VCAM-1 under flow. METHODS Human CD4+ memory and naive T-cells were freshly isolated and effector-helper T-cell subsets. Th1 and Th2 cells, were differentiated in vitro from CD4+(More)
Little is known about the time course and magnitude of the up-regulation of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) in irradiated brain vasculature and the mechanisms by which dexamethasone modulates this up-regulation. We used antibody-conjugated microspheres and a rat closed cranial window model to determine the time course of functional up-regulation(More)
Lu-ECAM-1 is a lung-derived, venular endothelial cell adhesion molecule. It promotes the selective adhesion of lung-metastatic B16-F10 melanoma cells to endothelium under static conditions and mediates colonization of the lungs by the same tumor cells. To test whether Lu-ECAM-1 by itself is sufficient to cause vascular arrest of B16-F10 cells, we measured(More)
The heterogeneous distribution of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) on the lumenal surface of vascular endothelium provides an opportunity to deliver drugs to select tissues. The targeting could be achieved by using carriers whose outer surface has a ligand for a selectively expressed ECAM. The carriers would interact with the endothelium in a(More)