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Toll-like receptors (TLRs) initiate an innate immune response. TLR3 on dendritic cells recognize double-stranded (ds) RNA and then signal increases in cytokines and recognition molecules important for immune cell interactions. In this report, we demonstrate TLR3 mRNA and protein are expressed on Fisher rat thyroid cell line-5 (FRTL-5) thyroid cells and are(More)
Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium under flow involves an adhesion cascade consisting of multiple receptor pairs that may function in an overlapping fashion. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and L-selectin have been implicated in neutrophil adhesion to P- and E-selectin under flow conditions. To study, in isolation, the interaction of(More)
Hyaluronan is a naturally occurring polymer that has enjoyed wide successes in biomedical and cosmetic applications as coatings, matrices, and hydrogels. For controlled delivery applications, formulating native hyaluronan into microspheres could be advantageous but has been difficult to process unless organic solvents are used or hyaluronan has been(More)
Purpose. Certain endothelial cell adhesion molecules are up regulated in tissue that has been irradiated for therapeutic purposes. This up-regulation of adhesion molecules provides a potential avenue for targeting drugs to select tissues. Methods. Microspheres were coated with a mAb to ICAM-1 and the level of adhesion of the anti-ICAM-1 microspheres to(More)
We exploited leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion chemistry to generate biodegradable particles that exhibit highly selective accumulation on inflamed endothelium in vitro and in vivo. Leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive particles exhibit up to 15-fold higher adhesion to inflamed endothelium, relative to noninflamed endothelium, under in vitro flow(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is present on leukocytes and is the major ligand for endothelial expressed P-selectin. A variety of studies strongly suggests that the N-terminal region of PSGL-1 contains the binding site for P-selectin. We hypothesized that this relatively small N-terminal peptide of PSGL-1 is sufficient to support adhesion to(More)
Little is known about the time course and magnitude of the up-regulation of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) in irradiated brain vasculature and the mechanisms by which dexamethasone modulates this up-regulation. We used antibody-conjugated microspheres and a rat closed cranial window model to determine the time course of functional up-regulation(More)
The heterogeneous distribution of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) on the lumenal surface of vascular endothelium provides an opportunity to deliver drugs to select tissues. The targeting could be achieved by using carriers whose outer surface has a ligand for a selectively expressed ECAM. The carriers would interact with the endothelium in a(More)
Atherosclerosis (ATH) is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves cascades of signaling events mediated by various effector proteins. Here we sought to determine if the expression of Wnt5a, a secreted glycoprotein, is altered in discrete regions of the arterial plaque. Atherosclerotic plaque tissues from 14 human subjects undergoing elective carotid(More)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease involving the accumulation of macrophages in the intima. Wnt5a is a noncanonical member of the Wnt family of secreted glycoproteins. Recently, human macrophages have been shown to express Wnt5a upon stimulation with bacterial pathogens in vitro and in granulomatous lesions in the lung of Mycobacterium(More)