Douglas J. Goetz

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Toll-like receptors (TLRs) initiate an innate immune response. TLR3 on dendritic cells recognize double-stranded (ds) RNA and then signal increases in cytokines and recognition molecules important for immune cell interactions. In this report, we demonstrate TLR3 mRNA and protein are expressed on Fisher rat thyroid cell line-5 (FRTL-5) thyroid cells and are(More)
Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium under flow involves an adhesion cascade consisting of multiple receptor pairs that may function in an overlapping fashion. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and L-selectin have been implicated in neutrophil adhesion to P- and E-selectin under flow conditions. To study, in isolation, the interaction of(More)
Supercritical CO(2) (SC-CO(2)), a green solvent suitable for a mobile lignocellulosic biomass processor, was used to pretreat corn stover and switchgrass at various temperatures and pressures. The CO(2) pressure was released as quickly as possible by opening a quick release valve during the pretreatment. The biomass was hydrolyzed after pretreatment using(More)
We exploited leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion chemistry to generate biodegradable particles that exhibit highly selective accumulation on inflamed endothelium in vitro and in vivo. Leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive particles exhibit up to 15-fold higher adhesion to inflamed endothelium, relative to noninflamed endothelium, under in vitro flow(More)
Hyaluronan is a naturally occurring polymer that has enjoyed wide successes in biomedical and cosmetic applications as coatings, matrices, and hydrogels. For controlled delivery applications, formulating native hyaluronan into microspheres could be advantageous but has been difficult to process unless organic solvents are used or hyaluronan has been(More)
Purpose. Certain endothelial cell adhesion molecules are up regulated in tissue that has been irradiated for therapeutic purposes. This up-regulation of adhesion molecules provides a potential avenue for targeting drugs to select tissues. Methods. Microspheres were coated with a mAb to ICAM-1 and the level of adhesion of the anti-ICAM-1 microspheres to(More)
The heterogeneous distribution of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) on the lumenal surface of vascular endothelium provides an opportunity to deliver drugs to select tissues. The targeting could be achieved by using carriers whose outer surface has a ligand for a selectively expressed ECAM. The carriers would interact with the endothelium in a(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether (a) Wnt5a expression in pancreatic cancer and malignant melanoma cells might be associated with constitutive levels of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and/or TLR3 signaling; (b) phenylmethimazole (C10), a novel TLR signaling inhibitor, could decrease constitutive Wnt5a and TLR3 levels together with cell growth and migration; and (c)(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is present on leukocytes and is the major ligand for endothelial expressed P-selectin. A variety of studies strongly suggests that the N-terminal region of PSGL-1 contains the binding site for P-selectin. We hypothesized that this relatively small N-terminal peptide of PSGL-1 is sufficient to support adhesion to(More)
Little is known about the time course and magnitude of the up-regulation of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) in irradiated brain vasculature and the mechanisms by which dexamethasone modulates this up-regulation. We used antibody-conjugated microspheres and a rat closed cranial window model to determine the time course of functional up-regulation(More)