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CC49 is a clinically validated antibody with specificity for TAG-72, a carbohydrate epitope that is overexpressed and exposed on the cell surface in a large fraction of solid malignancies. We constructed a single-chain fragment (scFv) based on CC49 and fused it to beta-lactamase (BLA). Following optimization of the scFv domain by combinatorial consensus(More)
Glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor family related protein (GITR) is a member of the TNFR superfamily. Previous studies have shown that in vivo administration of a GITR agonistic Ab (DTA-1) is able to overcome tolerance and induce tumor rejection in several murine syngeneic tumor models. However, little is known about the in vivo targets and the mechanisms(More)
An agonistic antibody DTA-1, to glucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein (GITR), induces T-cell activation and antitumor immunity. CD4(+) effector T cells are essential in initiating GITR-induced immune activation, and the sequentially activated cytolytic CD8(+) T cells are sufficient to induce tumor rejection. Administration of DTA-1 to a tumor-bearing(More)
Although insulin-like growth factors (IGF) I and II bind with high affinity to structurally discrete receptors, they bind with a lesser affinity to each other's receptor. We have evaluated the affinity of five different IGF-I preparations (three natural IGF-I preparations, one synthetic preparation, and one recombinant DNA-derived) for the IGF-II receptor(More)
The production of echinocandin B (ECB), a lipopolypeptide used for chemical manufacture of the anti-Candida agent Cilofungin, was accomplished by fermentation using a strain of Aspergillus nidulans. In addition to ECB, this fermentation also produces a significant amount of sterigmatocystin (ST), a potent carcinogen structurally related to the aflatoxins.(More)
Administration of biologics to enhance T-cell function is part of a rapidly growing field of cancer immunotherapy demonstrated by the unprecedented clinical success of several immunoregulatory receptor targeting antibodies. While these biologic agents confer significant anti-tumor activity through targeted immune response modulation, they can also elicit(More)
18,54-SF cells, which secrete rat insulin-like growth factor II (rIGF-II), have abundant type 2 IGF receptors. We have purified the type 2 receptor from these cells by solubilization of crude membranes in Triton X-100, followed by chromatography on agarose-immobilized rIGF-II. A partially purified receptor preparation, obtained by chromatography of(More)